Friday, 19 April 2013

Alphonse Mucha - part 10


Alphonse (Alfons) Mucha (1860 – 1939) was a Czech painter and decorative artist born in 1860 born in the town of Ivančice, Moravia. He is best known for his luxurious poster and product designs, which encapsulate the Art Nouveau style. Contemporary interest in his work was revived in 1980 after an exhibition at the Grand Palais in Paris.

For biographical notes on Mucha see part 1. For earlier works see parts 1 - 9 also.

This is part 10 of a 12-part series on the works of Alphonse Mucha:



The Slave Epic

After spending many years in Paris and America, Mucha returned to Prague in 1910 with the Slav Epic project as his driving ambition. He had arranged funding from the American, Charles Crane, and the work occupied the years 1912 to 1928. The first eleven canvases were displayed in Prague's Klementium in 1919 to great public interest and acclaim. Critical opinion though was hostile,  being out of sympathy with what was seen as its dated nationalism and academic style.


Various canvases from from the sequence were displayed in both Czechoslovakia and America over the next twenty years producing a similarly ambivalent reaction. Mucha  gifted the Slav Epic to the city of Prague in 1928; ironically, the poster he created to mark the occasion is perhaps more famous than the work itself. 



1928 The Slav Epic poster


The city However, was unwilling to provide a permanent exhibition space for the work and, after a temporary showing in 1835, the canvases were rolled up and plaved in storage, Ehen Mucha died in 1939, his spirit had been broken by what he saw as the failure of his life's great work.
Not surprisingly, the post-war Communist government had little interest in restoring the series to public display and it was to remain out of view for many years.  In 1950, 11 years after Mucha's death, the epic was transferred to Moravsky Krumlov, near his hometown of Ivancice. Then, in 1963, after nearly 30 years out of sight, the first nine paintings in the series were exhibited and finally, in 1967, the entire Slovanska Epopej returned to public exhibition.

1912 Bulgarian Tsar Simeon - The Founder of Slavonic Literature 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1912 Czech King Otakar II Přemysl - The Union of Slavonic Dynasties 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1912 The Celebration of Svantovit on Rujána - When Gods Fight, Salvation is in the Arts 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1912 The Introduction of the Slavonic Liturgy in Great Moravia - To Praise the Lord in One’s Native Tongue 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1912 The Primeval Slavs - Between the Turanian Whip and the Gothic Sword 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1914 Defence of Sziget against the Turks by Nicholas Zrinsky - The Shield of Christendom 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1914 The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia - Work in Freedom is the Foundation of a State 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1914 The Printing of the Bible of Kralice in Ivancice - God Gave us a Gift of Language 
tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1916 After the Battle of Vitkov - God Represents Truth, not Power 
tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1916 The Meeting of Krizky - Sub Utraque 
tempera on canvas 620 x 405 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1918 Jan Amos Komensky - A Flicker of Hope 
tempera on canvas 405 x620 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1918 Petr Chelcicky at Vodnany - Do not repay evil with evil 
tempera on canvas 405 x 620 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1924 After the Battle of Grunwaldu - The Solidarity of the Northern Slavs 
tempera on canvas 405 x 610 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1925 The Apotheosis of the Slavs - Slavs for Humanity 
tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1925 The Hussite King Jiri z Podebrad - Treaties are to be Observed 
tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1926 Holy Mount Athos Sheltering the Oldest Orthodox Literary Treasures 
tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1926 The Coronation of the Serbian Tsar Stepan Dusan as East Roman Emperor - The Slavic Code of Law
tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1926 The Oath of Omladina under the Slavic Linden Tree - The Slavic Revival 
tempera on canvas 480 x 405 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

Mucha at work on The Slav Epic in 1912 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

The Slav Epic on display

1913 'Regional Exhibition at Ivančice' 
lithograph 93 x 59 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1913 'Regional Exhibition at Ivančice' 
photographic study 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1913 A Woman in a Folk Costume 
chalk 34 x 28 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1913 Portrait of a Girl 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1914 'The Spring Festival of Song and Music in Prague' Poster 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1914 'The Spring Festival of Song and Music in Prague' 
photographic study 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1916 Spring ( also used on 'Hearst's International' cover 1922 )
oil on canvas 60.3 x 40.5 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1916 The Slavonic Epic Poem 
tempera on canvas 610 x 40.5 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1916 The Slavonic Epic Poem study 
pastel on paper 52 x 35.5 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1916 The Slavonic Epic Poem 
photographic study 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1917 A Winter Tale 
oil on canvas 124 x 99 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1917 Libuše 
oil on canvas 230 x 110 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1918 I Also Believe in God ( also used in 1927 on cover of 'JAS' ) 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

c1918 France Embraces Bohemia 
oil on canvas 122 x 105 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

c1918 Naše Písen 
100 x 138 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

c1918 Naše Písen used on 1924 Calendar 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

c1918 Naše Písen 
photographic study 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1919 Christmas in America 
oil on canvas 81.2 x 76.8 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1919 Jaroslava and Jiri, the Artist's Children 
oil on canvas 82.8 x 82.8 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1926 Czechoslovakian Banknotes
The first banknotes were issues of the Austro-Hungarian Bank to which adhesive stamps were affixed. Denominations were of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 1000 korun. Regular banknotes were issued by the Republic of Czechoslovakia between 1919 and 1926, in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 korun.


The Czechoslovak National Bank took over production in 1926, issuing notes for 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 korun. The new designs were made by Mucha. The urgency of the task led him to reuse a previous portrait of Josephine Crane Bradley as Slavia for the 100 koruna bill.

10 Korun banknote

50 Korun banknote reverse

50 Korun banknote reverse photographic study 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

50 Korun banknote

100 Korun banknote

500 Korun banknote reverse

500 Korun banknote

Study for 50 Korun banknote design 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1920 Cover of childrens book 'Andělíček z Baroku' 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1920 Croatian Woman with Apples 
oil on canvas 76.4 x 67 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1920 Fate 
oil on canvas 51.5 x 53.5 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1920 Girl with Loose Hair and Tulips 
oil on canvas 76.8 x 66.9 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

1920 The Artist 
oil on canvas 54.6 x 57.2 cm 
© Alphonse Mucha Estate/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

No comments:

Post a Comment