Wednesday, 29 April 2015

Édouard Manet - part 4

Edgar Degas 1864-65 Manet Seated, Turned to the Right etching and drypoint 19.5 x 13 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Édouard Manet (1832 – 1883) was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th century artists to paint modern life, and was a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. His early masterworks “Le déjeuner sur l’herbe” (The luncheon on the Grass) and “Olympia”, both painted in 1863, caused great controversy and served as rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism. Today, these are considered watershed paintings that mark the genesis of modern art.


This is part 4 of a 9 – part post on the works of Édouard Manet. For full biographical notes see part 1. For earlier works see parts 1 - 3 also.


1868 Charles Baudelaire, Full Face III etching and plate tone heightened with brush and gray wash on ivory laid paper 16.6 x 9.8 cm (image) Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1868 Portrait of Charles Baudelaire, Full Face, after a photograph by Nadar etching on wove paper 9.4 x 8.2 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Charles Baudelaire photograph by Paul Nadar 1862

1868 Steamboat off Boulogne watercolour and graphite on laid paper 14.3 x 18.5 cm Private Collection

1868 The Steamboat, Seascape with Porpoises oil on canvas 81 x 100 cm Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA

1868 The Cats' Rendezvous reproductive lithograph in black on ivory wove paper 43.9 x 33.4 cm (image) Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1868 Théodore Duret oil on canvas 43 x 35 cm Petiti Palais, Paris

1868 Young Man Peeling a Pear (Leon Leenhoff) oil on canvas 85 x 71 cm Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden

1868 Young Woman with a Pink Shoe (Portrait of Berthe Morisot) oil on canvas Hiroshima Museum of Art, Japan

1868-69 Cats etching on blue laid paper from 1905 Strölin edition 16.8 x 21.4 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1868-69 Portrait of Mademoiselle Clauss oil on canvas 71 x 43 cm Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, UK

1868-69 The Balcony oil on canvas 170 x 124.5 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris © Musée d'Orsay, dist. RMN-Grand Palais 

1868c On the Beach oil on canvas 40 x 48.3 cm Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan Photo ©2015, Detroit Institute of Arts

1868c Seascape with Bather watercolour and gouache on wove paper 20.5 x 24 cm Private Collection

1868c Seascape with Sailing Ships watercolour on wove paper 11 x 21 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1868c Ship's Deck oil on canvas 56.4 x 47 cm National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

1868c The Salmon oil on canvas 72 x 92 cm Shelburne Museum, Vermont

1869 A Café Interior ink on paper Harvard Art Museums, Boston, MA

1869 Almonds, Currants and Peaches oil on canvas 17.5 x 22.5 cm Private Collection

1869 Boats at Sea, Sunset oil on canvas 42 x 94 cm Musée d'art moderne André Malraux, Le Havre, France

1869 Boy Blowing Bubbles oil on canvas 100.5 x 81.4 cm Museu Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon, Portugal

1869c Boy with Soap Bubbles etching and aquatint on laid paper 25.1 x 21.1 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1869 Cat and Flowers. Illustration to The Cats by Champfleury etching and aquatint in brown ink on tan wove paper 17 x 13 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1869 Moonlight over Boulogne Harbour oil on canvas 81.9 x 101 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1869 On the Beach at Boulogne oil on canvas 32 x 65 cm Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA

1869 Seascape (aka Two Fishing Boats) oil on canvas 38.5 x 47 cm Private Collection

1869 The Folkestone Boat, Boulogne oil on canvas 60 x 73.5 cm Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA

 Also shown in part 3 (1964):

1864c Departure of the Folkstone Boat - The Large Study oil on canvas 62 x 100.5 cm Private Collection copy

1869 The Jetty at Boulogne oil on canvas 31.7 x 43.8 cm Private Collection

1869 The Pier at Boulogne oil on canvas 59.7 x 73 cm Private Collection

1869 The Ragpicker oil on canvas Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, CA

1870 Effect of Snow at Petit-Montrouge oil on canvas 61.6 x 50.4 cm National Museum Wales, Cardiff

1870 Eva Gonzalès oil on canvas 191.1 x 133.4 cm The National Gallery, London

1870 In the Garden oil on canvas 44 x 54 cm Musée National Picasso, Paris

1870 Music Lesson oil on canvas 141 x 173 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1870 Portrait of Suzanne Manet oil on canvas 60 x 50 cm Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, CA

1870 Profile of Eva Gonzales turned to the Left etching on blue laid paper from the 1905 Strölin edition 23.5 x 15.7 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1870 Repose: Portrait of Berthe Morisot oil on board 148 x 111.1 cm Rhode Island School of Design Museum of Art, Providence, RI

1870 The Brioche oil on canvas 65.1 x 81 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1870 The Railway Station in Sceaux oil on canvas 50 x 60 cm Private Collection

1870-71 Line in front of the Butcher Shop etching on blue laid paper from the 1905 Strölin edition 23.5 x 15.6 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1870-74 Landscape with a Village Church oil on canvas 30 x 44 cm Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, UK

1870-74 The Water Drinker etching and drypoint, from 1905 Strölin edition 23.5 x 15.6 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1870-80 Au Bal – Marguerite de Conflans en Toilette de Bal oil on canvas 55.7 x 35.5 cm The Samuel Courtauld Trust, The Courtauld Gallery, London

1871 Boats at Low Tide on the Bay of Arachon oil on canvas 37 x 51 cm Private Collection

1871 Civil War (The Barricade)  ink wash and watercolour 46.2 x 32.5 cm Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest, Hungary

1871 Fine Weather at Arcachon oil on canvas 25 x 42 cm Private Collection

Monday, 27 April 2015

Édouard Manet - part 3

Edgar Degas 1865 Édouard Manet, Seated, Holding his Hat graphite and black chalk on move paper 33.1 x 23 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Édouard Manet (1832 – 1883) was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th century artists to paint modern life, and was a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. His early masterworks “Le déjeuner sur l’herbe” (The luncheon on the Grass) and “Olympia”, both painted in 1863, caused great controversy and served as rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism. Today, these are considered watershed paintings that mark the genesis of modern art.


This is part 3 of a 9 – part post on the works of Édouard Manet. For full biographical notes see part 1. For earlier works see parts 1 - 2 also.




1864-68c Sailing Ships at Sea oil on canvas 34 x 55.8 cm Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio

1864c Basket of Fruits oil on canvas 37.8 x 44.4 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1864c Branch of White Peonies, with Pruning Shears oil on canvas 31.1 x 46.4 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1864c Departure of the Folkstone Boat - The Large Study oil on canvas 62 x 100.5 cm Private Collection

1865 Angelina oil on canvas 92 x 72 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1865 Jesus Mocked by the Soldiers oil on canvas 190.8 x 148.3 cm Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1865 Monk at Prayer oil on canvas 146 x 115 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1865 Portrait of Félix Bracquémond lift-ground etching with plate tone on ivory laid paper 16 x 10.4 cm (image) Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1865 Women at the Races oil on canvas 42.2 x 32.1 cm Cincinnati Art Museum, OH

1865-66 Bullfight

Manet’s trip to Spain in 1865 lasted only about ten days, though it had a profound impact on him. In a letter to his friend the poet Charles Baudelaire, he described a bullfight he attended in Madrid as “one of the finest, most curious and terrifying sights to be seen.” He made quick sketches there that informed several later canvases, including this one. Here he presented the moment of truth, as bullfighter and bull face one another; a gored horse lies dead or dying in the sand.

1865-66 Bullfight oil on canvas 48 x 60.4 cm Art Institute of Chicago, IL 

1865-66 Bullfight oil on canvas 90.2 x 109.9 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1865c The Dead Toreador oil on canvas 75.9 x 153.3 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1867-68 Dead Toreador etching and aquatint on blue laid paper from the 1905 Strölin edition 15.2 x 22.4 cm (image) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1865 The Bullfight watercolour over graphite 19.2 x 21.4 cm J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA

1865-66 Marine etching, aquatint, roulette and bitten tone in brown ink on laid paper 14 x 20 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1865-67 Beggar with a Duffle Coat (Philosopher) oil on canvas 187.7 x 109.9 cm Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1865-67 Beggar with Oysters (Philosopher) oil on canvas 187.3 x 108 cm Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1865-66 The Philosopher etching and drypoint on blue laid paper from the 1905 Strölin edition 31.8 x 23.5 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1865-68 At the Prado etching and aquatint 22.4 x 15.5 cm (plate) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1865-68 At the Prado etching and aquatint 22.4 x 15.5 cm (plate) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1865-73c The Reading 61 x 74.3 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1865c Madame Brunet oil on canvas 132 x 99.5 cm Private Collection

1865c Spanish Woman with a Black Cross oil on canvas 61 x 50 cm Private Collection

1866 Portrait of Zacharie Astruc oil on canvas 90.2 x 116.2 cm

1866 The Fife Player oil on canvas 160 x 97 cm Paris, Musée d'Orsay © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d'Orsay)

1866 The Rabbit etching, drypoint, and bitten tone on laid paper 13.5 x 10.2 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1866 The Races at Longchamp oil on canvas 43.9 x 84.5 cm Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1866 The Tragic Actor (Rouvière as Hamlet) oil on canvas 187.2 x 108.1 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1866 The Tragic Actor; Rouvière in the Role of Hamlet etching on blue laid paper from the 1905 Strölin edition 36.5 x 21.7 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1866 Young Lady with a Parrot oil on canvas 185.1 x 128.6 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1866-67 A Matador oil on canvas 171.1 x 113 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1866-67 The Smoker etching on blue laid paper from 1905 Strölin edition 17.3 x 14.8 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1879-82 The Smoker etching and drypoint on blue laid paper from 1905 Strölin edition 23.2 x 15.2 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1866c A King Charles Spaniel oil on linen 46 x 38 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1866c Still Life with Melon and Peaches oil on canvas 68.3 x 91 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1867 Henri Fantin-Latour oil on canvas 117.5 x 90 cm Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1867-68 The Execution of Emporer Maximilian
In 1863 the Austrian, Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, was installed in Mexico as a puppet Emporer by Napoleon III. He was dependent on the support of the occupying French army, and when Napoleon withdrew his troops, Maximilian was captured by Mexican forces loyal to the legitimate Republican government. He was executed alongside two of his generals on 19 June 1867.
The left-hand section of the canvas showing General Mejía was probably cut off by Manet himself. After the artist’s death the canvas was cut up into smaller fragments, some of which were sold separately. Edgar Degas eventually purchased all the surviving fragments and reassembled them on a single canvas.

1867-68 The Execution of Maximilian oil on canvas 193 x 284 cm The National Gallery, London

1867 The Execution of Maximilian oil on canvas 253.4 x 304.8 cm Kunsthalle Mannheim, Germany

1867 The Execution of the Emperor Maximillian (final sketch for Mannhein piece) oil on canvas 48 x 58 cm Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen

1868 The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian lithograph on chine collée 34 x 43.8 cm (image) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1867 The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian oil on canvas 196.2 x 259.7 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1867c The Funeral oil on canvas 72.7 x 90.5 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1868 Emile Zola oil on canvas 146.5 x 114 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d'Orsay

1868 Exotic Flower etching and aquatint on laid paper 17.3 x 11.4 cm (plate) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1868 Le déjeuner oil on canvas 118.3 x 154 cm Neue Pinakothek, Munich

1868 Madame Manet at the Piano oil on canvas 38 x 46.5 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1868 Odalisque etching and aquatint in brown on ivory wove paper 12.2 x 19.2 cm (image) Art Institute of Chicago, IL