Monday, 27 November 2017

Amedeo Modigliani - part 2


Amedeo Modigliani was born July 12, 1884, in Livorno, Italy. The serious illnesses he suffered during his childhood persisted throughout his life. At age 14, he began to study painting. The only solo show given the artist during his lifetime took place at the Galerie Berthe Weill in December 1917. Modigliani died January 24, 1920, in Paris.

For more biographical notes on Modigliani, and for earlier works, see part 1 also.

This is part 2 of a 9-part series on the works of Amedeo Modigliani:



1913-15 Seated Female Nude
stone 23 cm high

1913-15c Caryatid
blue and black crayon over pencil 64.6 x 49.9 cm
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

1913c Caryatid
oil on canvas 80 x 45.8 cm
Private Collection

Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera (1886 – 1957) was a prominent Mexican painter. His large frescoes helped establish the Mexican mural movement in Mexican art.

In 1922 and 1953, Rivera painted murals, among others, in Mexico City, Chapingo, Cuernavaca, San Francisco, Detroit, and New York City. In 1931, a retrospective exhibition of his works was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Rivera had a volatile marriage with fellow Mexican artist Frida Kahlo:

1914 Diego Rivera
oil on canvas
Private Collection

Diego Rivera

1914 Diego Rivera
oil on cardboard
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf, Germany

1914 Diego Rivera
oil on cardboard
Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, Brazil

1914 Reverie ( Study for the Portrait of Frank Burty Haviland )
oil and graphite on cardboard 62.2 x 49.5 cm
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA

1914 Seated Nude
pencil and watercolour on paper 54 x 41.6 cm
Museum of Modern Art, New York

1914-15c Portrait of the Painter Eduardo García Bénito
pen and ink with wash on graph paper 20.3 x 10.2 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1914-15c Portrait of the Sculptor Pablo Gargallo
pen and ink with wash on graph paper 21 x 13.3 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1914c Caryatid
gouache on wove paper, laid down on canvas, on wood 14 x 6.6 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas

1914c Caryatid
limestone 92.1 x 41.6 x 42.9 cm
Museum of Modern Art, New York

1914c Caryatid with a Vase
watercolour on paper 63.3 x 48.1 cm
Tate, London

1915 A Couple
pencil, watercolour and gouache on paper 44.1 x 26 cm
Private Collection

André Rouveyre (1879 –1962) was an early twentieth-century French writer, caricaturist, and graphic artist. A member of several culturally elite circles of his day, he is perhaps equally remembered as the subject of drawings by prominent European artists Henri Matisse and Modigliani:

André Rouveyre

1915 André Rouveyre
oil on canvas 65 x 42.5 cm
Private Collection


Beatrice Hastings (1879-1943) known to us from 14 paintings by Modigliani. Amedeo and Beatrice met in July 1914 at the La Rotonde café in the Montparnasse Quarter, where everybody knew everybody. Every night artistic bohemians met at the Café de la Rotonde and Café du Dôme. Sculptor Ossip Zadkine introduced them to each other. Called by everybody the poetess, she was a correspondent for the London-based art weekly “The New Age,” who had come to Paris in April that year. They first saw each other at the Café Chez Rosalie. This is how Beatrice described that meeting in her memoirs, “I sat opposite him. Hashish and brandy. Not at all impressed. Didn’t know who he was. He looked ugly, ferocious, greedy. Met again at the Café Rotonde. He was shaved and charming. Raised his cap with a pretty gesture’ blushed to his eyes and asked me to come and see his works.”


1915 Beatrice Hastings
Galleria d'Arte Moderna di Milano, Italy

1915 Beatrice Hastings
oil on canvas
Private Collection

1915 Beatrice Hastings
oil on canvas
Private Collection

1915 Beatrice Hastings, Seated
oil on cradled board 73.5 x 49.5 cm
Private Collection


Celso Lagar (1891-1966) was Spanish painter, watercolourist and lithographer. Many works by the artist have been sold at auction, including 'Hommage à Guynemer' sold at Christie's Paris 'Impressionist & Modern Art' in 2012 for $187,380:


1915 Celso Lagar
oil on canvas 35 x 27 cm
Private Collection

1915 Cheron
oil on canvas

1915 Female Bust in Red
red gouache and black ink wash 35.5 x 26.2 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minnesota

1915 Girl with Red Hair
Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
© RMN-Grand Palais

1915 Head of Red-Haired Woman
oil on canvas 46 x 28 cm
Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin, Italy

Henri Laurens (1885 – 1954) was a French sculptor and illustrator. Born in Paris, Henri Laurens worked as a stonemason before he became a sculptor. In 1899 he attended drawing classes, during which he produced works that were greatly influenced by the popularity of Auguste Rodin. 

Later Laurens was drawn to a new gathering of artistic creativity in Montparnasse. From 1915 he began to sculpt in the Cubist style after meeting Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris, and Fernand Léger: 


Henri Laurens

1915 Henri Laurens
oil on canvas
Private Collection
 

1915 Henri Laurens
oil on canvas
Private Collection
 

Juan Gris (1887 – 1927) (José Victoriano González-Pérez) better known as Juan Gris was a Spanish painter and sculptor born in Madrid who lived and worked in France most of his life. Closely connected to the innovative artistic genre Cubism, his works are among the movement's most distinctive.

In 1906 he moved to Paris and became friends with Henri MatisseGeorges Braque and Fernand Léger:



1915 Juan Gris
oil on canvas 54.9 x 38.1 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1915 La Fantesca
oil on canvas 81 x 46 cm
Private Collection


Léon Indenbaum (1890 – 1981) was a Russian sculptor and artist (naturalized French), born 1890 at Chavusy, Belarus, died 1981 in Opio, France. As a young man, he heard about Paris this time and the unique artistic atmosphere to which he aspired. He managed to reach the French capital in March 1911 and moved to Montparnasse.  He worked in the middle of talented young painters and sculptors, many of whom became famous and subsequently formed the School of Paris:



1915 Leon Indenbaum
oil on canvas 54.6 x 45.7 cm
Private Collection

1915 Little Girl oil on paper laid down on cradled panel
42.5 x 32.5 cm
Private Collection

1915 Little Louise
oil on canvas 74.6 x 51.7 cm
Private Collection


Lola de Valence (Lola from Valencia), references a Spanish dancer famously painted by Edouard Manet in 1862 when a Spanish ballet troupe came to Paris. Modigliani consistently integrated stylistic features of African art into his distinctive portraits. Recalling a type of mask made in the French Congo, the head’s elongated shape and abstracted facial features also appear in Modigliani’s limestone sculpture Woman’s Head:



1915 Lola de Valence
oil on paper laid down on wood 52.1 x 33.7 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Madame Othon Friesz, the wife of Achille-Émile Othon Friesz (1879 – 1949), who later called himself Othon Friesz, a native of Le Havre, was a French artist of the Fauvist movement:

Madame Othon Friesz sculpted by Charles-Albert Despiau 1924
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1915 Madame Othon Friesz, La Marseillaise
charcoal and oil on paper 43.5 x 26.5 cm
Denver Art Museum, Colorado

1915 Madame Pompadour ( Beatrice Hastings )
oil on canvas 61.1 x 50.2 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1915 Man with Hat
oil on canvas 65 x 54 cm
Private Collection

Moïse Kisling, born Mojżesz Kisling (1891 – 1953), was a Polish-born French painter. He moved to Paris in 1910 at the age of 19, and became a French citizen in 1915, after serving and being wounded with the French Foreign Legion in World War 1. He emigrated to the United States in 1940, after the fall of France, and returned there in 1946.



1915 Moïse Kisling
oil on canvas 37 x 29 cm
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy

1915 Mrs. Hastings
oil on paperboard 55.5 x 45.4 cm
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) was a Spainsh Painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as ome of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement:




1915 Pablo Picasso
oil on canvas 43.2 x 26.7 cm
Private Collection

1915 Pablo Picasso
oil on cardboard 34.2 x 26.5 cm
Private Collection

Paul Guillaume (1891 Paris – 1934 Paris) was a French art dealer. The dealer of Chaim Soutine and Modigliani, he was one of the first to organise African art exhibitions. He also bought and sold many works from cutting edge artists of the time, such as Henri MatisseConstantin BrâncușiPablo Picasso, and Giorgio de Chirico:




1915 Paul Guillaume
oil on board 74.9 x 52.1 cm
Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio

1915 Paul Guillaume, Novo Pilota
oil on cardboard 105 x 75 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
 © RMN-Grand Palais

1915 Pierrot
oil on cardboard 43 x 27 cm
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark



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