Wednesday, 20 December 2017

Carlo Crivelli - part 2

Carlo Crivelli was probably born in Venice during the early 1430s. Both his father, Jacopo, and his brother, Vittore, were painters. Carlo is mentioned only once in Venetian documents: in 1457, already a master painter, he was fined and sentenced to six months in prison for abducting a sailor's wife.

Though trained in the late Gothic style of Antonio Vivarini, as his earliest works show, and familiar with the drawings of Jacopo Bellini, from which some of his mature compositions derive, Crivelli was profoundly influenced by early Renaissance art in Padua.

For full biographical notes, and for earlier works, see part 1 also.

This is part 2 of a 3-part post on the works of Carlo Crivelli:


1473 Polyptych of St Emidio Cattedrale di Sant'Emidio, Ascoli Piceno.

The Sant’Emidio Polyptych is exactly in the same place where it was first put in 1473. It was commissioned to the Venetian painter Carlo Crivelli (ca. 1430 – ca. 1490) by the bishop of Ascoli Piceno, Prospero Caffarelli, and was placed in Sant’Emidio cathedral – never to be moved.
The painting – tempera and gold on panel, its central panel reading “Opus Karoli Crivelli Veneti 1473” – was originally placed in the chapel of the Holy Sacrament. It is a rare example of well-preserved pictorial art from the 1400s. Even more extraordinary is the fact that it is still in the same building after centuries.
The polyptych is about 290×280 centimetres, divided into three rows:

1473 Polyptych of St Emidio Cattedrale di Sant'Emidio, Ascoli Piceno


St Catherine of Alexandria and Saint Jerome

St Catherine of Alexandria

Saint Jerome

Pietà

Saint George and Saint Ursula

Saint George

Saint Ursula
  
Madonna and Child

Madonna and Child detail


Saint Peter



Saint Bartholomew



Saint James


1475c St. Catherine of Alexandria, St. Peter, and Mary Magdalene tempera on wood panels S. Lucia, Montefiore dell'Aso, Italy:



St. Catherine of Alexandria, St. Peter, and Mary Magdalene

St. Catherine of Alexandria detail
St. Peter
Mary Magdelene

Mary Magdelene detail


1476 The Demidoff Altarpiece:


This altarpiece was painted by Crivelli in 1476 to sit on the high altar of the church of San Domenico in Ascoli Piceno, in east central Italy. The polyptych was composed of the central panel and eight smaller panels with saints. Originally there was a predella (a lower section of the altarpiece ), now lost, and a lunette-shaped Pietà above (now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.)

1476 Pietà
tempera on wood 71.1 x 63.8 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1476 The Demidoff Altarpiece
The National Gallery, London


1476 Saint Francis
tempera on poplar wood 61 x 39.5 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476 Saint Andrew
tempera on poplar wood 61 x 40 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476 Saint Stephen
tempera on poplar wood 61 x 40 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476 Saint Thomas Aquinas
tempera on poplar wood 60.5 x 39.5 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476 Saint John the Baptist
 tempera on poplar wood 138.5 x 40 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476 Saint Peter
 tempera on lime wood 139 x 40.5 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476 The Virgin and Child
tempera on lime wood 148.6 x 63.5 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476 Saint Catherine of Alexandria 
tempera on poplar wood 137.5 x 40 cm 
The National Gallery, London

1476 Saint Dominic
tempera on poplar wood 137.5 x 40 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476c Altarpiece, Ascoli Piceno:

From the same church as The Demidoff Altarpiece (above).


1476c Saint Jerome
tempera on poplar wood 91 x 26 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476c Saint Lucy
tempera on lime wood 91 x 26.5 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476c Saint Michael
tempera on poplar wood 90.5 x 26.5 cm
The National Gallery, London

1476c Saint Peter Martyr
tempera on poplar wood 90.5 x 26.5 cm
The National Gallery, London
*          *          *          *          *

1475c The Dead Christ between the Virgin and Saint John the Evangelist
tempera on panel transferred to canvas Restored by Luigi Cavenaghi, Italian ( Caravaggio 1844 - 1918 Milan ) 66.4 x 64 cm
 Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University, Boston, MA


1476-77 Madonna and Child Enthroned
tempera on panel
 Szémüvészeti Múzeum, Budapest, Hungary

1477 St James of the Marches with Two Kneeling Donors
wood panel 198 x 64 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

1480 Adoration of the Shepherds
tempera on wood
1480 Adoration of the Shepherds 
tempera on wood
( detail )

1480 Adoration of the Shepherds 
tempera on wood
( detail )

1480-86 Madonna and Child
tempera on wood 21 x 15.5 cm
Pinacoteca Comunale Podesti, Ancona, Italy

1480c Madonna and Child
tempera and gold on wood 36.5 x 23.5 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1480c Saint Roch
tempera and oil on lime wood panel 40 x 12.1 cm
The Wallace Collection, London

1480c The Virgin and Child
tempera on panel 48.5 x 33.6 cm
Victoria and Albert Museum, London

1485 Lamentation over the Dead Christ
tempera on panel 88.3 x 53 cm
 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1485-90 Madonna and Child with Saints and Donor
oil and tempera on panel
Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD

1485-90c Christ of Mockery
tempera on panel
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands



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