Wednesday, 25 March 2020

Adolph Menzel - part 4


The German painter, etcher and lithographer Adolph von Menzel (1815-1905) ranks alongside Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) as one of the most innovative figures in German Art of the 19th Century.  However, unlike Friedrich, who believed deeply in the romantic power of nature, Menzel believed in Realism and strove for an objective, true-to-life representation of the world. A master of drawing and various types of print-making, as well as realist paintinghe created over 10,000 paintings, drawings and fine art prints, including 400 illustrations for the life of Emperor Frederick the Great. His canvases - including history paintings and genre scenes, as well as portraits - are typically well researched, acutely observant and highly detailed. His palette, treatment of light and overall style - as exemplified for instance by Living Room with the Artist's Sister (1847, Bavarian State Art Collection, Neue Pinakothek, Munich) pre-dated French Impressionism by twenty five years. Menzel now ranks alongside the best modern artists of 19th century Germany.

For full biographical notes on Adolph Menzel see part 1. For earlier works by Menzel see parts 1 - 3 also.

This is part 4 of a 10-part series on the works of Adolph Menzel:


c1850-55 Lady with hat and veil, viewed from behind
pastel 26.8 x 18.4 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1850-59 Weeping Man
graphite on off-white wove paper 13.1 x 81 cm
 Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1850-60 Peasant with a three-cornered hat
oil on paper mounted on cardboard
Oskar Reinhart Foundation, Winterthur

1850-60 The Back Garden
oil on canvas 48.3 x 68.6 cm
Detroit Institute of Arts, MI

c1850 Emilie, the artist's sister
black chalk and pastel 24.5 x 18.6 cm

c1850 Head of an old man
charcoal and pastel on paper 15.5 x 13 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, IL

c1850 Lady with opera glasses
chalk and coloured chalks 28.2 x 19.4 cm
 Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1851 Breaking the journey at an inn
oil on paper 38.2 x 52 cm
Alte Nationalgalerie - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1851 Cloud Study
oil on canvas 28 x 40 cm
Alte Nationalgalerie - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1851 In a railway carriage (after a night's journey)
gouache, with touches of pastel and oil paint, on cream wove paper, laid down on Japan paper 27.3 x 33 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1851 Memory of Swinemünde
gouache over chalk on paper
Oskar Reinhart Foundation, Winterthur

1851 Menzel with his brother, sister and a relative next to the upright piano
graphite 22.5 x 28.5 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1851 Night in the forest
oil on canvas 50.9 x 65 cm
Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland

1851 The Antiquary - Self-Portrait
lithograph
Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio

1851 The artist's sister Emilie
black chalk and stumping with pastel on brown wove paper 31 x 24 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1851 The artist's sitting room in Ritterstrasse
oil on cardboard 32.1 x 27 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


1851 Essays on Stone with Brush and Scraper
A set of seven lithographs published in “Versuche auf Stein mit Pinsel und Schabeisen” (Berlin):


Title page
lithograph on China paper

Portrait of the poet Molière
(Brustbild des Dichters Molière)
lithograph on China paper

Playing Quoits on the castle terrace
(Reifenspiel auf der Schlossterrasse)
lithograph on China paper

Transportation of prisoners in the forest
 (Gefangenenzug im Walde)
lithograph on China paper

Lady reading by the fireplace
(Lesende Dame am Kamin)
lithograph on China paper

Pursuit on the spiral staircase
(Verfolgung auf der Wendeltreppe)
lithograph on China paper

The bear pit in the zoological gardens
(Der Bärenzwinger im zoologischen Garten)
 lithograph on China paper

1851-57 The Uniforms of the Army under Frederick the Great 160 plates (29 shown here): 


The Uniforms of the Army under Frederick the Great from Menzel's own copy with hand-coloured plates

Title not found

2nd Hussars, Officer, c.1750

Bosnian Regiment (9th Hussars)

Prussian Füsilier Regiment Jung- Braunschweig

Prussian Husaren-Regiment von Ruesch

Husaren-Regiment No.8, Erste Uniform Von 1758- 1764

2nd Hussars, Officers, c.1750

7th Hussars, Hussar, c.1757

Prussia; 3rd Hussars

5th Hussars, Trumpeter

20th Infantry Regiment, Unteroffizier, c.1750

Bosnian Regiment (9th Hussars) Officer

Prussian 1st Dragoons, Trumpeter c1750

Prussian 11th Dragoon Regiment, Dragoon, c.1750

Prussian Kürassier-Regiment von Gessler

Bosniaken Regiment

Kurassier-Regiment No.2, Kurassier

Kurassier-Regiment No.3, Officer, 1745

Kurassier-Regiment No.12, Kurassier

Prussian Dragoner-Regiment No.5, Tambour

Husaren-Regiment No.10 Offizier

Regiment No. 23. (1806 von Winning.) Unteroffizier

Prussia; Bosniaken Regiment, Officer 

Prussian Füsilier-Regiment Alt-Württemberg No 46; Battle of Kesselsdorf on 15th December 1747 in the Second Silesian War

Prussian Infantry Regiment Prinz Ferdinand No 34; Battle of Kesselsdorf on 15th December 1747 in the Second Silesian War

Prussian Infantry Regiment von Kalnein No 4; Battle of Soor 30th September 1745

Prussian Infantry Regiment von Kleist No 27; Second Silesian War

Prussian common soldier
lithograph 34 x 27.7 cm
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London

Prussian non-commissioned officer
lithograph 34 x 27.7 cm
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London

Prussian Infantery officer wearing the uniform of the 49th regiment
lithograph with hand-colouring
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London


Prussian Officer wearing the uniform of the 49th regiment
lithograph with hand-colouring
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London

Standing figure of a Prussian officer wearing the uniform of the 49th regiment
lithograph with hand-colouring
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: only a member of this blog may post a comment.