Wednesday, 23 May 2018

Roy Lichtenstein - part 1

c1949 Roy Lichtenstein in Columbus, Ohio

Roy Lichtenstein was born in 1923 in New York. In 1939 he studied under Reginald Marsh at the Art Students League of New York, and the following year under Hoyt L. Sherman at the College of the Arts at Ohio State University in Columbus. He served in the army from 1943 to 1946, after which he resumed his studies and was hired as an instructor. He obtained an MFA in 1949. In 1951 the Carlebach Gallery, New York, organised a solo exhibition of his semiabstract paintings of the Old West. Shortly thereafter, the artist moved to Cleveland, where he continued painting while working as an engineering draftsman to support his growing family.

From 1957 to 1960 Lichtenstein obtained a teaching position at the State University of New York, Oswego. By then he had begun to include loosely drawn cartoon characters in his increasingly abstract canvases. From 1960 to 1963 he lived in New Jersey while teaching at Douglass Residential College, a division of Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. He met artists such as Jim Dine, Allan Kaprow, Claes Oldenburg, Lucas Samaras, George Segal, and Robert Whitman, all of whom were experimenting with different kinds of art based on everyday life. In 1961 he began to make paintings consisting exclusively of comic-strip figures, and introduced his Benday-dot grounds, lettering, and balloons; he also started cropping images from advertisements. From 1964 into the next decade, he successively depicted stylized landscapes, consumer-product packaging, adaptations of paintings by famous artists, geometric elements from Art Deco design (in the Modernseries), parodies of the Abstract Expressionists’ style (in the Brushstrokes series), and explosions. They all underlined the contradictions of representing three dimensions on a flat surface.

In the early 1970s he explored this formal question further with his abstract Mirrors and Entablatures series. From 1974 through the 1980s, he probed another long-standing issue: the concept of artistic style. All his series of works played with the characteristics of well-known 20th-century art movements. Lichtenstein continued to question the role of style in consumer culture in his 1990s series Interiors, which included images of his own works as decorative elements. In his attempt to fully grasp and expose how the forms, materials, and methods of production have shaped the images of Western society, the artist also explored other mediums such as polychromatic ceramic, aluminium, brass, and serigraphs.

Beginning in 1962, the Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, held regular exhibitions of the artist’s work. Lichtenstein participated in the Venice Biennale in 1966, and was honored with solo exhibitions in 1967 and 1968 at the Pasadena Art Museum and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, respectively. The artist was the subject of a major retrospective at the Guggenheim in 1994, three years before his death on September 30, 1997.

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

This is part 1 of a 20-part series on the works of Roy Lichtenstein (works 1940-1952):

1940 ( Paul Bunyan )
ink on paper

1940 Self-Portrait
ink and crayon on paper 29.8 x 22.2 cm

1942 ( Reclining Woman )
oil on canvas 76.2 x 63.8 cm

1943 ( Portrait of a Man )
oil on canvas 80.6 x 60.3 cm

1943 Untitled
ink on paper 25.9 x 21.6 cm

1944 ( A London Park )
conte crayon on support 28.2 x 25.4 cm

1946 Head
 carved stone 12.7 x 17.8 x 15.2 cm

1947 Figures
coloured pencil on paper 22.4 x 30.4 cm

1947 Head
 watercolour on paper 17.6 x 14.2 cm

1947 Standing Figure
terracotta 26.7 x 9.2 x 17.8 cm

1947 Two Figures
watercolour (or gouache ) and charcoal on paper 90 x 55 cm

1947 Untitled
 wood relief 24.4 x 34 cm

1947 Wrestler
 oil on paper 57.8 x 42.5 cm

1948 Alice in Wonderland
oil on pasteboard 40.4 x 50.8 cm

1948 Battle Scene
pastel on paper 48.5 x 64 cm
The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

1948 Mother and Child
oil on paper 40.5 x 50.5 cm
The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

1948 Pilot
pastel on black construction paper 26.7 x 34.9 cm

1948 The Angel
oil ( and gouache? ) on canvas-board 45.7 x 35.5 cm

1948 The Combat
pastel 41.3 x 61.9 cm

1948 The Cook
 pastel 45 x 40.5 cm

1948 The Musician
oil and graphite on canvas 45.5 x 40.5 cm

1948 The Racing Car
pastel, gouache and ink on paper 28.2 x 46.4 cm

1948 Untitled ( Six Figures )
coloured pastels on unprimed muslin 67.9 x 45.1 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1948 Untitled ( Woman in the Garden )
 oil on canvas 31.1 x 35.6 cm

1949 Beauty and the Beast I
oil on linen 66 x 81.5 cm

1949 Sea Coast
oil on canvas 30.5 x 35.6 cm

1949 Storming the Castle
etching, aquatint and engraving on cream wove paper 29.9 x 39.6 cm

1949 The Bird
oil on canvas 45.7 x 61 cm

1949 The Philosophers
oil on canvas-board 50.2 x 38.4 cm

1949 Untitled
oil on canvas ( or canvas-board ) 48.3 x 61 cm

1949 Untitled
oil on canvas

1949 Untitled
oil on canvas-board 40.6 x 51.1 cm

1950 ( Two Figures with Hats )
acrylic on gessoed Masonite 30.5 x 40.6 cm

1950 Insect with Man
oil on linen 33 x 38.1 cm

1950 Man on Lion
oil on canvas 40.8 x 35.7 cm

1950 The Charioteer
gouache, gold-bronze paint, graphite and black ink on paper 45.4 x 61.3 cm

1950 The Hero's Return
oil on canvas 35.6 x 52.1 cm

1950 The Horse
wood and metal 18.4 x 31.1 x 5.1 cm

1950 The Owl
woodcut on paper 19.7 x 27.9 cm

1951 ( Head ) III
oil on canvas 40.7 x 30.5 cm

1951 Death of the General
oil on canvas 86 x 101.6 cm

1951 Exhuming the Mastodon
oil on canvas 91.5 x 106.7 cm

1951 Last of the Buffalo
oil on linen 50.8 x 61.3 cm

1951 The End of the Trail
oil on canvas 40.6 x 61 cm

1951 The Indians
 oil on canvas 50.8 x 45.8 cm

1951 Washington Crossing the Delaware I
oil on canvas 66 x 81.3 cm

1951 Washington Crossing the Delaware II
oil on canvas 61 x 76.2 cm
( see below )

1951 Washington 1851 Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze
oil on canvas 149 x 25 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1952 ( Two Chippewa Building Canoe )
oil on canvas 61 x 76.2 cm

1952 Chief Before the Teepee
oil on canvas 102.6 x 76.2 cm

1952 Indian with Bird I
oil on canvas 40.6 x 51.1 cm

1952 Indians Pursued by American Dragoons - After Wimar
oil on canvas 91.4 x 106.7 cm
 ( see below )

n.d. Indians Pursued by American Dragoons by Carl Wimar 

1952 The Explorer
oil on canvas 40.6 x 35.6 cm

1952 Two Sioux
oil on canvas 76.2 x 56 cm

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