Wednesday, 22 July 2020

Hercules Brabazon Brabazon - part 1

Hercules Brabazon Brabazon
by William Rothenstein c1895
saguine and pastel 25.4 x 20.3 cm
National Portrait Gallery, London

Hercules Brabazon Brabazon was born in Paris on 27 November 1821, the youngest son of Hercules Sharpe of County Durham and Ann Brabazon of County Mayo, Ireland. In 1832, the family returned to England and settled into their new country house, Oaklands, in Sussex, built for them by architect Decimus Burton.

Brabazon was educated at Dr Hooker’s preparatory school, until 1835, when he began an unhappy period at Harrow. This came to an end in 1837 when he transferred to a Pestalozzi School in Geneva. Three years later, he began to study mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge. Following his graduation, he flouted his father’s wishes to read law and, as a result, travelled to Rome on a reduced allowance. There he studied music at the Accademia di Santa Cecilia, and art at the Accademia di San Lucca, and from then on concentrated on those two subjects. In 1847, his elder brother died, and he succeeded to the Brabazon estates in Connaught, by the terms of the will becoming Hercules Brabazon Brabazon. 

On 24 May 1848, he left Rome and returned to England via Spain and France, encountering the work of Velasquez for the first time; after Turner, Velasquez became the artistic inspiration of his life. Following the death of his father in 1858, he also inherited the family estate in Sussex, and appointed his brother-in-law Major Combe to act as its manager. Brabazon spent the summers in England, and winters on the Riviera or travelling further afield. His major travels included a number of visits to the Middle East, North Africa and India.


Brabazon began to produce his atmospheric watercolours and pastels in the 1860s. Though he first appeared as a gentleman amateur, his unique talent was soon recognised by John Ruskin, and later by John Singer Sargent, so that he straddled artistic generations and approaches. In 1867, he was elected to the membership of the Burlington Fine Art Club alongside Dante Gabriele Rossetti and Ruskin and, in 1880, accompanied Ruskin, Arthur Severn and Arthur Ditchfield on a sketching tour of Amiens. Sargent met Brabazon in 1885, and was inspired by his work to turn to watercolour. In 1891, he succeeded in encouraging Brabazon to join the New English Art Club, and exhibit alongside its other members. His first solo show took place at the Goupil Gallery in the following year, and was a critical success. He attracted a following of younger artists, and counted Francis James as a pupil. He died at Oaklands on 14 May 1906.

This is part 1 of 7 on the works of Hercules Brabazon Brabazon:


c1848 C. Sartoris Esq. 
pencil, pen and ink 9.5 x 10.2 cm

c1850 La Guidecca, Venice
watercolour 17.8 x 24.1 cm
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

c1860-80 A Mosque in Cairo
watercolour 31.4 x 22 cm approx
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

c1860 Houses at Tivoli
watercolour, gouache and graphite on paper 25.4 x 36.8 cm
Tate, London

c1860 Mosque of Sidi Bou-Said
chalk and gouache 17.6 x 25 cm
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

c1860 Portrait, half-length, of a Arab Man
pencil 14.3 x 13.6 cm
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

c1863 A Campanile among Ruins
gouache and watercolour with white heightening over graphite on wove paper 25.8 x 36 cm
 National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

c1868-78 Aboo Simbel
watercolour 23.3 x 30.5 cm
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

1869 Ships Lying Off Flushing, a Souvenir of Paul Jean Clays
watercolour and gouache 21.6 x 26 cm

The original painting by Paul Jean Clays:

Ships Lying Off Flushing by Paul Jean Clays 1869
oil on wood 59.9 x 86.8 cm
The National Gallery, London

1870-76 The Gardens of the Taj Mahal
 watercolour 22.6 x 11.3 cm
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

c1870-80 Street Scene in Delhi
watercolour 22.3 x 28.7 cm
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

c1875 At Sunrise: View from the Artist's Window in Morpeth Terrace
watercolour 25.4 x 35.5 cm
Victoria and Albert Museum, London

c1880 Florence
oil on canvas 27.9 x 43.2 cm
Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven, CT

c1880 Picquigny (The Somme, France)
watercolour 18.2 x 26.1 cm
Victoria & Albert Museum, London

c1885 Venice by Moonlight
watercolour 20 x 26.5 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

c1887 Roses
gouache on paper 34.3 x 24.1 cm
Tate, London

1888 A Detail from Las Meninas, a Souvenir of Velazquez
watercolour and gouache 26 x 22 cm

The original painting by Velazquez:

Las Meninas by Velázquez Diego Rodrguez de Silva Y 1656
oil on canvas 318 x 276 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

1890 Morning on Lake Lucerne
watercolour 37.5 x 43 cm
Gallery Oldham, Lancs., UK

c1890 Landscape with Industrial Buildings by a River
oil on board 22.9 x 30.5 cm
Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven, CT

c1890 The Grand Canal, Venice
gouache on paper 14.6 x 26 cm
Tate, London

c1890 Venice: Street Scene
pencil and watercolour 19 x 25.3 cm
 British Museum, London

c1892 The Pink Palace
gouache on paper 24.1 x 34.9 cm
Tate, London

1903 View of an Italian Town
watercolour 25.4 x 36.2 cm
Private Collection

n.d View of the Sea from the Beach, Algiers
 watercolour 21.3 x 35.2 cm
The British Museum, London

n.d Windmills on the Dutch Coast
pastel

n.d. ‘Dr Johnson’ after Sir Joshua Reynolds
 watercolour and gouache 29.2 x 22.2 cm

Doctor Samuel Johnson by Sir Joshua Reynolds
 c1772 oil on canvas 75.6 x 62.2 cm
Tate, London

n.d. A Bazar in Cairo
pencil and watercolour 16.5 x 18.5 cm
Private Collection

n.d. A Bridge
watercolour 18.9 x 25.1 cm
Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven, CT

n.d. A Busy Street Scene
watercolour 21 x 27 cm
Private Collection

n.d. A Calm Day
watercolour and pastel 21 x 26 cm

n.d. A Castle on a Hill, a Souvenir of Turner
 pastel

n.d. A Castle on the Rhine
watercolour and gouache 25 x 29 cm

n.d. A Cloud Over Venice
15.2 x 22.9 cm

n.d. A Coastal Landscape
watercolour and gouache 11 x 19 cm

n.d. A Cornfield at Sunset
watercolour 20.7 x 25.2 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

n.d. A Gondola Passing Under a Bridge in Venice
 watercolour and gouache over pencil on wove paper 23.2 x 26.2 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

n.d. A Grey Day, Venice
gouache on board 21 x 31.8 cm
Tate, London

n.d. A Market in Karachi, Pakistan
pencil and watercolour 11.7 x 15.7 cm
Private Collection

n.d. A Mediterranean Harbour
pastel 16.5 x 22.2 cm

n.d. A Middle Eastern Bazar
watercolour 22 x 28 cm Private Collection

n.d. A Moorish Citadel
watercolour 23 x 16.3 cm
Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven, CT

n.d. A Mosque, Place Bab-Souika, Tunis
pencil and watercolour 24.1 x 34.8 cm
Private Collection

n.d. A Mountain View
watercolour 30.2 x 22.5 cm
Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven, CT

n.d. A Park
watercolour 25.4 x 35.6 cm
Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven, CT

n.d. A Rose
watercolour and gouache 24.2 x 15.9 cm

n.d. A Seapiece, after Turner
pastel 7.6 x 15.2 cm

n.d. A Souvenir of Manet
pencil and chalk on tinted paper 24.2 x 21.6 cm
( Manet reference not found )

n.d. A Street in Hamburg, Germany
pencil and crayon on paper 23.2 x 26.2 cm
National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin

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