Monday, 4 July 2022

Odilon Redon - part 8

Odilon Redon (1840 Bordeaux - 1916 Paris) was a French Symbolist painter, lithographer, and etcher of considerable poetic sensitivity and imagination, whose work developed along two divergent lines. His prints explore haunted, fantastic, often macabre themes and foreshadowed the Surrealist and Dadaist movements. His oils and pastels, chiefly still lifes with flowers, won him the admiration of Henri Matisse and other painters as an important colourist.

Redon studied under Jean-Léon Gérôme; and mastered engraving from Rodolphe Vresdin, who exerted an important influence; and learned lithography under Henri Fantin-Latour. His aesthetic was one of imagination rather than visual perception. His imagination found an intellectual catalyst in his close friend, the Symbolist poet Stéphane Mallarmé. Redon was also associated with the group of Symbolist painters.

Redon produced nearly 200 prints, beginning in 1879 with the lithographs collectively titled In the Dream. He completed another series (1882) dedicated to Edgar Allan Poe, whose poems had been translated into French with great success by Mallarmé and Charles Baudelaire. Rather than illustrating Poe, Redon’s lithographs are poems in visual terms, themselves evoking the poet’s world of private torment. There is an evident link to Goya in Redon’s imagery of winged demons and menacing shapes, and one of his series was the Homage to Goya (1885).

About the time of the print series The Apocalypse of St. John (1889), Redon began devoting himself to painting and colour drawing—sensitive floral studies, and heads that appear to be dreaming or lost in reverie. He developed a unique palette of powdery and pungent hues. Though there is a relationship between his work and that of the Impressionist painters, he opposed both Impressionism and Realism as wholly perceptual.


This is part 8 of 13 on the works of Odilon Redon:


1896-1900 The Devil
brush and black ink on laid paper 31.9 x 24.1 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1896-1900 The Queen of Sheba
brush and black ink on laid paper 31.1 x 24.1 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1896-1900 The Shadow
brush and black ink on laid paper 31.1 x 23.8 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1896-1900 Young Man
brush and black ink on laid paper 31.1 x 24.1 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

c1896 Woman with outstretched Arm
graphite on ivory wove paper 28.6 x 22.3 cm
MoMA, New York

1897 Beatrice
lithograph in yellow, blue, and green on light grey China paper 33.4 x 29.6 cm (image)

1897 Child’s Head with Flowers
lithograph in black on light grey chine 31.7 x 24.6 cm (image)

1897 Head of a Child with Flowers
lithograph printed in grey-brown ink with crayon in various colours 25 x 21 cm (image)
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1897 The Shulamite
lithograph printed in black, blue, yellow, and violet
 24.8 x 18.1 cm (sheet)
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1897-98 A Trial Plate for Mallarmé's "A Throw of the Dice"
lithograph 36 x 30.2 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

c1897 Portrait of Arï Redon with sailor collar
oil on cardboard 41.8 x 22.2 cm
© Musee d'Orsay, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais

1898 Arï
lithograph in black on heavy cream wove paper
21.5 x 16.5 cm (image)

1898 Man on Pegasus
lithograph in black on cream wove paper 14.8 x 9.4 cm (image)

1898 Sleep
 lithograph in black on light grey China paper
12.5 x 12.5 cm (image)

c1898 Portrait of Ari Redon
pastel on pale blue wove paper 44.8 x 30.8 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1899 And another Angel...
lithograph (chine appliqué) 43.8 x 28.7 cm
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

1899 And the Angel took the Censer
lithograph 30.8 x 21.8 cm (plate)
National Galleries Scotland, UK

1900 Marie Botkine in an Astrakhan coat
pastel on paper 61 x 50.4 cm
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

1900 Head of Woman with Corsage of Flowers
lithograph in black on grey chine 25.7 x 19.7 cm (image)

1900 Edouard Vuillard
lithograph in black on light grey China paper
20 x 15.2 cm (image)

before 1900 Flowers
oil on canvas 46 x 38 cm
Musée d'Orsay, Paris
© RMN-Grand Palais (Orsay Museum)

1900 Baroness Robert de Domecy
oil on canvas 74 x 68 cm
Musée d'Orsay, Paris
© RMN-Grand Palais (Orsay Museum)

after 1900 Landscape
oil on canvas 38.7 x 55.6 cm
 MoMA, New York

c1899 The yellow Shawl
chalk and pastel on paper 67.8 x 52.7 cm
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

c1899 The Palm
oil on cardboard 29 x 25.9 cm
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

c1899 The Angel of Destiny
oil on canvas 91 x 81 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1899 Hagar and Ishmael
pen and black ink on paper 10.2 x 15.5 cm
The British Museum, London

1900 The Gothic Window
oil on canvas 64.1 x 50.2 cm
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana

1900 The Throw of the Dice
lithograph 32.5 x 24.8 cm (sheet)
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1900 Untitled Trial Lithograph
lithograph in black on light grey China paper
10.7 x 7 cm (image)

1900 Vision. Vase with Flowers
oil on canvas 73.2 x 60.1 cm
Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

1900-01 Woman Sleeping under a Tree
tempera on canvas
The Hermitage Museum

1900-05 Ophelia
pastel on paper laid down on cardboard 50.5 x 67.3 cm

1900-05 Reflections
 pastel on paper 47.8 x 61.2 cm

c1900-05 Bouquet of Flowers
pastel on paper 80.3 x 64.1 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

c1900-05 Nude with Blue Scarf
pastel over charcoal on paper 44.1 x 36.5 cm
Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA

1900-10 Etruscan Vase with Flowers
81.3 x 59.1 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

c1900-10 Oannès
oil on canvas 66 x 51.3 cm
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

c1900-10 Still Life with Anemones
oil on canvas 34.2 x 23.1 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Art

c1900-10 Vase of Flowers
pastel on board 46.2 x 38.7 cm
Princeton University Art Museum

c1900 Horse and Woman
ink on paper 20.5 x 26 cm
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands

c1900 Joan of Arc?
pastel on paper 52 x 36 cm
Musée d'Orsay, Paris
© RMN-Grand Palais (Orsay Museum)


1899 Apocalypse of Saint John (12 plates):

Cover-Frontispiece
lithograph in black on cream Japanese paper
26 x 23.3 cm (image)

Plate 1. And He Had in His Right Hand Seven Stars: and Out of His Mouth Went a Sharp Two-Edged Sword
lithograph 29.1 x 20.8 cm (image)

Plate 2. And I Saw in the Right Hand of Him that Sat on the Throne a Book Written Within and On the Backside, Sealed With Seven Seals
lithograph 32.4 x 24.2 cm

Plate 3. And His Name That Sat On Him Was Death
 lithograph 31.8 x 22.1 cm (image)

Plate 4. And the Angel Took the Censer
lithograph 31.3 x 24.8 cm (image)

Plate 5. And There Fell a Great Star From Heaven, Burning as it Were a Lamp
lithograph 30 x 22.9 cm (image)

Plate 6. A Woman Clothed With the Sun
lithograph 28.8 x 23 cm

Plate 7. And Another Angel Came Out of the Temple Which is in Heaven, and He Also Having a Sharp Sickle
lithograph 31.4 x 22.1 cm

Plate 8. And I Saw an Angel Come Down from Heaven, Having the Key of the Bottomless Pit and a Great Chain in His Hand
lithograph 30.4 x 23.2 cm

Plate 9. And Bound Him a Thousand Years
lithograph 30 x 21.2 cm (image)

Plate 10. And the Devil that had Deceived them was Cast into the Lake of Fire and Brimstone
lithograph 27.6 x 23.7 cm (image)

Plate 11. And I John Saw the Holy City
lithograph 29.5 x 23.3 cm (image)

Plate 12. And I John Saw These Things, and Heard Them
lithograph 25.5 x 18.5 cm (image)