Friday 23 April 2021

Jules Chéret - part 7

Jules Chéret 
(French, 1836–1932) was a renowned painter and lithographer. Chéret was born in Paris, France, and his family was considered poor, though most of the family members had artistic leanings. At the age of 13, the artist left school and became an apprentice to a lithographer for three years. Chéret became increasingly interested in painting, and enrolled at the École Nationale de Dessin to study art. Chéret went to London to study photography from 1859 to 1866, and was greatly influenced by British Art, especially printing and poster design. 

When Chéret returned to France, he took up poster printing and made posters for different theateres, including Eldorado, the Moulin Rouge, and the Olympia. Apart from the British poster printers, Chéret was also influenced by Rococo artists, such as Antoine Watteau. The demand for Chéret’s work grew, and he started working for different outfits, such as municipal festivals, beverage companies, and even pharmaceutical companies, producing different graphic advertisements. He was given the tag Father of the Women’s Liberation when he began producing huge paintings of free-spirited females, widely known as Chérettes, which were very much in contrast to the then-prevailing norm of depicting females as puritans or prostitutes. Examples of Chéret’s paintings include L’Arc en Ciel(1893), Grand Bal Masqué (1896), and Musée Grevin, Théâtre les Fantoches(1900). 

Chéret was instrumental in the emergence of printers and poster designers in the late 1890s. He created the Maîtres de l’Affiche collection in 1895. This was a collection of reproductions from 97 Parisian artists, and the work inspired different artists, including Charles Gesmar. Chéret retired to Nice, France, when he was an old man. The French government awarded him the Légion d’honneur in 1890. He exhibited his work in different institutions, including the Louvre and the Salon, both in Paris. Chéret’s works are found in various institutions around the world, including the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan; the Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany; and The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. Jules Chéret died in Nice.

For earlier works by Chéret see parts 1 - 6 also.

This is part 7 of 7 on the works of Jules Chéret:

1909 Georges Wague mime artist

c1909 Georges Wague mime artist
pencil heightened with white chalk on grey paper
 18.5 x 12.5 cm

Georges Wague

1911 Chemins de fer P. L. M. Turin, Exposition Internationale
colour lithograph 106 x 75 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1914 Exposition Internationale de Lyon
colour lithograph 100 x 75 cm

1915 The Clown
crayon on paper 39.4 x 23.5 cm
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC

1920 Two Studies
charcoal on paper 35 x 21 cm

1921 Casino Municipal de Nice
colour lithograph (proof) 122 x 80 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1921 Femme de dos en Bleu
charcoal drawing enhanced with pastel and coloured chalk 38 x 23 cm

n.d. A Lady with black gloves powdering her face
coloured crayon and India ink over graphite pencil on tan wove paper 59.3 x 42.6 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

n.d. Study of a woman
charcoal on paper 32 x 22 cm

n.d. Dancer or Artist In Colombine circus costume
sanguine on paper 38.2 x 29.3 cm

n.d. Decorative panel

n.d. Eau-Rafael Désinfectant Insecticide
colour lithograph

n.d. Eau-Rafael Désinfectant Insecticide
one-colour lithograph

n.d. Jeune Femme
One of a group of three trial proofs, lithograph printed in dark blue 51.8 x 35.8 cm

n.d. Seated Woman
chalk and gouache on paper 55.9 x 44.4 cm

n.d. Six head Studies of Women
charcoal on blue paper 21.3 x 35 cm

Pastels & Oils:

c1885 Woman in Black with Muff
oil on canvas 33 x 25 cm
Musée d'art moderne André-Malraux

1888 Pierrot et Colombine au Moulin de la Galette
pastel 55 x 32 cm

c1890 Masquerade
pastel on canvas 36 x 27 cm

c1900 La Guirlande de Fleurs
pastel on canvas 40 x 23.5 cm

c1900 Woman in a Yellow Dress
pastel on linen 102.8 x 72.3 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota

c1904-06 Head Studies
pastel 34 x 75 cm

1905 Folie et Gaité
pastel on canvas and stretcher 64 x 44 cm
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1909 Colombine and Pierrot
pastel on canvas 62.9 x 47.9 cm

n.d. A Musical Evening
pastel 40.5 x 30.5

n.d. Danseuse
pastel on canvas 43 x 23.5 cm

n.d. Danseuses
pastel on canvas 65 x 45 cm

n.d. Farandole, Colombine et Arlequin
pastel on canvas 97 x 49 cm

n.d. Femme aux Gants

n.d. Femme et Enfants Cueillant des Fleurs
pastel on canvas 36 x 74 cm

n.d. Joueuse de Banjo
pastel on canvas 39 x 22 cm

1895 Young Girl with Straw Hat
pastel on brown paper 47.3 x 39.4 cm

n.d. La Farandole
oil on canvas 124 x 60 cm

n.d. La Farandole

n.d. La Musicienne
pastel on canvas 31 x 19 cm

n.d. Masquerade
pastel 36 x 27 cm
Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia

n.d. Pair of decorative panels (1)
pastel on canvas 64 x 17 cm

n.d. Pair of decorative panels (2)
pastel on canvas 64 x 17 cm

n.d. Personnages de la Commedia Dell'Arte dans un Parc
pastel on canvas 77 x 108 cm

n.d. Pierrot and Columbine
pastel on canvas 31 x 54 cm

n.d. Pierrot and Columbine
pastel on canvas 163 x 73.5 cm

n.d. Pierrot and Columbine
pastel on canvas 163 x 73.5 cm

n.d. Pierrot and Columbine

n.d. Portrait of a Woman
pastel on canvas 46 x 38.5 cm

n.d. Portrait of a Woman
pastel on paper 109 x 66.5 cm
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA

n.d. Tête de Femme
oil on canvas 36 x 21.5 cm
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

n.d. Trois études de visage de femmes
pastel on canvas 44 x 57 cm

n.d. Two Figures

n.d. Woman with Tambourine