Friday 9 December 2016

American Folk Art - part 21

Concluding a major series on American Folk Art featuring 21 postings. Folk Art encompasses art produced by artists and ordinary folk with little or no training in the arts, and is traditionally utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic. The period I’m covering is the C18th and C19th.
See parts 11-20 also for earlier works.

Note: Follow me on Twitter for notice of updates @poulwebb

This is part 21 of a 21-part post on American Folk Art:

In this final part of the series I'm featuring a number of artists where I could only find a few examples of their work - all in single figures and some with only one example, but a fitting cross-section with which to end the series.

Mary B. Tucker (1784 - 1853)


1840-44c Learning the ABCs
graphite and watercolour on paper 23.5 x 58.4 cm
Folk Art Museum, New York City

1840-50c Girl in Calico
watercolour, brush and brown ink, and graphite on cream wove paper 61.3 x 48 cm
Princeton University Art Museum, NJ

1840c ( attributed to ) Two Children in Blue
watercolour and graphite on paper

1843 Portrait of a Boy Holding an Orange
watercolour and pencil on paper 55.9 x 46.3 cm

n.d. Portrait of a Young Boy in a Blue Coat
watercolour and ink on paper  66 x 47.6 cm

n.d. Portrait of a Young Girl
watercolour and ink on paper 48.3 x 36.2 cm

Samuel Miller (1807 - 1853)


1840-50 ( attributed to ) Picking Flowers
oil 114.3 x 71.1 cm

1840c Portrait of Cynthia Osborn

1850c Portrait of Phoebe Francis Ricker
oil on canvas 89.5 x 72.4 cm

1850c Young Boy with a Dog
oil on canvas
de Young / Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA

1850c Young Girl with Flowers
oil on canvas
de Young / Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA

1852 Emily Moulton
oil on canvas 103.5 x 70.2 cm
Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NH

n.d. Girl Teasing a Cat

William W. Kennedy (1818 - after 1870)


1840-45c Portrait of a Young Woman
oil on board 41.3 x 31.1

1840c Little Girl with Her Black Cat
oil on canvas 81.3 x 68.6 cm

1845 Captain David Worth aged 72 (1773-1855)
oil on board 40.6 x 30.5 cm

1845 Portrait of a Young Lady
50.8 x 36.8 cm

1846 Portrait of a Woman Wearing a White Ruffled Bonnet
oil on canvas 61 x 50.8 cm

n.d. ( attributed to ) Portrait of a Child Wearing a Pink Dress and Holding a Hairbrush
oil on canvas 76.2 x 63.5 cm

n.d. ( attributed to ) Portrait of a Girl
oil on canvas 70 x 56.2 cm

n.d. ( attributed to ) Portrait of Child in Blue with a Cane
oil on board

n.d. Portrait of a Young Boy
oil on canvas 50.2 x 40 cm

Jacob Bailey Moore (1797 - 1853)


1840 ( possibly by Jacob Bailey Moore )
Portrait of a Young Girl in a Red Dress o
il on mattress ticking 62.2 x 48.3 cm

1845c Portrait of a Gentleman
oil on canvas 68.7 x 56.2 cm

1845c Portrait of a Lady
oil on canvas 68.7 x 56.2 cm

William Jr. Lydston (1813 - )


1847 Portrait of a Young Boy
oil on canvas 105.4 x 87.6 cm

Charles V. Bond ( 1825c - 1864c )


1856 Still Life: Fruit, Bird, and Dwarf Pear Tree
oil on canvas 63.5 x 76.5 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1860c Julie Tevis
oil on canvas 88.9 x 71.1 cm
Filson Historical Society, Louisville, KT

1860c Reverend John Tevis
oil on canvas 88.9 x 71.1 cm
Filson Historical Society, Louisville, KT

Frederick Elmore Cohen (dates not found)


1846c Near Old Post Office, Detroit
oil on canvas mounted on board 50.2 x 60.3 cm
Private Collection

1850c Portrait of Two Children and Their Bloodhound
109.2 x 96.5 cm

1857c Bentley Simons Runyan Family of Mansfield, Ohio
oil 96.5 x 114.3 cm
Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, Ohio

n.d. Self-Portrait
71.1 x 61 cm

Lambert Sachs (1818 - 1903)


Lambert Sachs


Self-Portrait


1850c Portrait of a Young Boy and Girl
oil on canvas 124.5 x 101.6 cm

1857 The Herbert Children
oil on canvas 63.3 x 80.3 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1887 Dark-Haired Girl Sitting in a Garden
40.6 x 33 cm

n.d. George Washington in Prayer at Valley Forge


Daniel McDowell (1809 - 1880)


1860-80c Watermelon Wedges on a White Cloth
oil on canvas 43.2 x 62.2 cm
Private Collection

Joe Miller, Linn Co., Oregon (dates not found)


1870c Our Country Is Free!
watercolour and gouache on paper 34.3 x 24.2 cm

J.W. Bradshaw (active 1875c - 1900)


1875-1900 Plains Indian
oil on canvas 51 x 40 8 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

W.H. Brown (active 1886 - 1887)


1886 Bareback Riders
oil on cardboard mounted on wood 47 x 62.2 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC


Charles C. Hofmann (1820 - 1882) and 
John Rasmussen (1828 - 1895)

Charles C. Hofmann was born in Germany around 1820, and emigrated to America in 1860. In subsequent years he lived in several communities along Pennsylvania's Schuylkill River, sometimes as a resident/patient of the public poorhouses. He is the best-known of the three so-called "Pennsylvania Almshouse Painters," the other two being Louis Mader and John Rasmussen.

The Berks County institution in Reading was the one which the artist entered with the greatest frequency; its records list his reason for admittance as "intemperance." His stays there do not seem to have been rehabilitative--one source reported that "it was his wont on visiting days, to approach visitors and beg a few pennies to 'help put something in his bottle' for which he will paint for you, a pretty picture." Most of Hofmann's known works, however, were painted for staff members and officers of the institutions depicted.
In addition to the almshouse views painted throughout the 1870s, Hofmann produced at least six other landscapes. In November 1881 Hofmann was admitted to the Berks County Almshouse with a broken arm. He died there five months later and was buried in the indigent's graveyard.
John Rasmussen was born in Germany in 1828 and arrived in America in 1865. He is listed as a painter and "fresco painter" in the Reading, Pennsylvania, business directories during the years 1867 to 1879. Widowed and suffering from chronic drinking problems and rheumatism, Rasmussen was committed to the Berks County almshouse on June 5, 1879. He arrived roughly three years before the death of painter Charles Hofman, a fellow inmate. 

Possibly inspired by the attention Hofmann had received for his painted landscapes and views of the institution, or perhaps as a result of a comaraderie between the two painters, Rasmussen produced almshouse views and other landscapes similar in composition to those of the elder Hofmann during the period of their joint residency. Rasmussen is known to have painted a wider range of subjects than did Hofmann, including portraits, still lifes, various landscapes, baptismal certificates, and, beginning in 1880, at least six views of the almshouse. In all of these, Rasmussen closely followed Hofmann's 1878 composition of the institution, which hung in one of the administrative buildings of the complex.

Charles C. Hofmann: Berks County Almshouse, 1878
oil on zinc 82.5 x 99.6 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

John Rasmussen 1880c: View of Buildings and Surroundings of the Berks County Alamshouse
oil and gold paint on zinc panel 81.9 x 101.6 cm

John Rasmussen 1881:  Berks County Almshouse
oil 66.9 x 116.8 cm
Fenimore Art Museum

John Rasmussen: Berks County Farm-scape
oil on zinc-plated tin 66.9 x 89.8 cm

Wednesday 7 December 2016

American Folk Art - part 20

Continuing a major series on American Folk Art featuring 21 postings. Folk Art encompasses art produced by artists and ordinary folk with little or no training in the arts, and is traditionally utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic. The period I’m covering is the C18th and C19th.
See parts 1-19 also for earlier works.

Note: Follow me on Twitter for notice of updates @poulwebb

This is part 20 of a 21-part post on American Folk Art:



James Bard (1815 – 1877)

James Bard was a marine artist known for his paintings of watercraft, particularly of steamboats. His works are sometimes characterised as naïve art. Although Bard died poor and almost forgotten, his works have since become valuable. Bard had a twin brother, John (1815–1856) and they collaborated on earlier works.

James Bard and John Bard were born in 1815 in New York City. Their father was Joseph Bard, who had been born in England. Their mother was Nellie Purvis Bard, who had been born in Scotland. They had at least two brothers (Joseph and George), two older sisters (Ellen and Mary) and one younger sister, Margaret. Sometime before 1843, Bard married Harriet DeGroot, who was six years older than he was. They had six children, but between 1843 and 1856 five of them died. Only their daughter Ellen survived.
Harriet's brother, Albert DeGroot, later became a steamboat captain and a wealthy man, who commissioned a number of works by James Bard.

During his life, Bard painted or made drawings of at least 3,000 vessels, including probably every steamer built at New York during his active life as an artist. Bard's works included common features intended to please patrons. Sailboats were shown underway with all sails up. Steamboats likewise were shown underway, with numerous flags flying, including a large one bearing the vessel's name. There would often be inscriptions about the ship and its owner.

Although principally a marine artist I did come across one painting by James Bard of a horse;  a commission by the look of it:

1871 Horse Jack of Woodbridge, NJ
inscribed "This Picture The Property of Charles Drake, Presented by James Bard the Artist. NY. 1871"
oil and ink on paperboard 21.4 x 30 cm
Folk Art Museum, New York City

1831 "Fanny"
watercolour on paper 48.3 x 81.3 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1837 "Illinois"
watercolour on paper 56.5 x 99.1 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1837 "Telegraph"
watercolour on paper 47.6 x 81.6 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1845 "Trojan"
oil on canvas 63.5 x 96.5 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1846 "Thomas Powell"
oil on canvas 77.5 x 135.9 cm
Private Collection

1847 "C. Vanderbilt"  ( Cornelius Vanderbilt )
oil on canvas 71.1 x 119.4 cm
Shelburne Museum, VT

1850 "Confidence"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 127 cm
Private Collection

1850 "Reindeer"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 129.5 cm
Private Collection

1851 "America"
oil on canvas 111.1 x 160.7 cm
Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Centre, Williamsburg, VA

1851 "Thomas E. Hulse"
oil on canvas 75.6 x 127 cm
New York Historical Society, New York City

1852 "Niagara"
oil on canvas 87 x 142.9 cm
New York State Historical Association, Cooperstown, NY

1852 "North Star"
oil on canvas 106.7 x 162.6 cm
Private Collection

1853 "Austin"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 132.1 cm
National Museum of American History, Washington, DC

1854 "Lewis R. Mackey"
oil on canvas 85.1 x 132.1 cm
New York Historical Society, New York City

1854 "Young America"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 127 cm
Private Collection

1855 "Metamora"
oil on canvas 73 x 124.5 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1857 "Commodore"
oil on canvas 86.4 x 142.2 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport, VA

1857 "James A. Stevens"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 128.3 cm

1858 "Broadway"
oil on canvas 83.8 x 142.2 cm
New York Historical Society, New York City

1858 "Norma"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 132.1 xm
Private Collection

1858 "P. Crary" ( Peter Crary )
oil on canvas 76.2 x 127 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1859 "Metamora"
oil on canvas 73 x 124.5 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1859 "Victoria"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 127 cm
Private collection

1860 "William Bayles"
oil on canvas 81.3 x 137.2 cm
Private Collection

1861 "Isaac Smith"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 132.1 cm
Private Collection

1863 "Fanny"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 127 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1864 "A. Fletcher" ( Andrew Fletcher )
 oil on canvas 40.6 x 66 cm
Museum of the City of New York

1864 "Martha Washington"
oil on canvas 76.2 x 127 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

1868 "A.G. Lawson"
oil on canvas 86.4 x 109.2 cm
Private Collection

1871 "Tidal Wave"
oil on canvas 81.3 x 121.9 cm
Private Collection

1874 "Daniel Drew"
oil on canvas 64.1 x 101.6 cm
Private Collection

1874 "San Rafael"
watercolour on paper 47 x 101.6 cm
Private Collection

1880 "Rip van Winkle"
oil on canvas 78.7 x 137.2 cm
Private Collection

1880 "Southampton"
oil on canvas 66 x 96.5 cm
New York Historical Society, New York City

1881 "Saratoga"
watercolour on paper 72.4 x 132.1 cm
New York Historical Society, New York City

1882 "Albertina"
watercolour on paper 52.7 x 101 cm
Marniers Museum, Newport News, Virginia

1882 "Crystal Stream"
watercolour on paper 62.2 x 100 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA

n.d. "Amanda Winants"
oil on canvas 75.6 x 127 cm
Mariners Museum, Newport News, Virginia


n.d. "Cayuga"
oil on canvas 91.4 x 142.2 cm
Private Collection

n.d. "Commonwealth"
oil on canvas 90.8 x 146.7 cm
Private Collection