Monday, 19 April 2021

Jules Chéret - part 5


Jules Chéret 
(French, 1836–1932) was a renowned painter and lithographer. Chéret was born in Paris, France, and his family was considered poor, though most of the family members had artistic leanings. At the age of 13, the artist left school and became an apprentice to a lithographer for three years. Chéret became increasingly interested in painting, and enrolled at the École Nationale de Dessin to study art. Chéret went to London to study photography from 1859 to 1866, and was greatly influenced by British Art, especially printing and poster design. 

When Chéret returned to France, he took up poster printing and made posters for different theateres, including Eldorado, the Moulin Rouge, and the Olympia. Apart from the British poster printers, Chéret was also influenced by Rococo artists, such as Antoine Watteau. The demand for Chéret’s work grew, and he started working for different outfits, such as municipal festivals, beverage companies, and even pharmaceutical companies, producing different graphic advertisements. He was given the tag Father of the Women’s Liberation when he began producing huge paintings of free-spirited females, widely known as Chérettes, which were very much in contrast to the then-prevailing norm of depicting females as puritans or prostitutes. Examples of Chéret’s paintings include L’Arc en Ciel(1893), Grand Bal Masqué (1896), and Musée Grevin, Théâtre les Fantoches(1900). 

Chéret was instrumental in the emergence of printers and poster designers in the late 1890s. He created the Maîtres de l’Affiche collection in 1895. This was a collection of reproductions from 97 Parisian artists, and the work inspired different artists, including Charles Gesmar. Chéret retired to Nice, France, when he was an old man. The French government awarded him the Légion d’honneur in 1890. He exhibited his work in different institutions, including the Louvre and the Salon, both in Paris. Chéret’s works are found in various institutions around the world, including the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan; the Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany; and The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. Jules Chéret died in Nice.


For earlier works by Chéret see parts 1 - 4 also.

This is part 5 of 7 on the works of Jules Chéret:


Note: The revised blogger programme by Google is still causing glitches and inconsistencies in the way captions are displayed.




1892 Pantomimes lumineuses
Théâtre optique de E. Reynaud
colour lithograph 115 x 84 cm (proof)

1892 Saxoléïne Pétrole de Sûreté
colour lithograph 125 x 88 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1892 Théâtre Nationale de L'Opéra, Carnaval 1892
colour lithograph 125 x 88.5 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France

1893 Saxoléine Pétrole de Sûreté
colour lithograph

1893 Alcazar d'Eté, Louise Balthy
colour lithograph

1893 Fête de Charité
colour lithograph 26.7 x 19.7 cm

1893 Fête de Charité
colour lithograph 120 x 80 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


1893 Folies Bergère, Emilienne d'Alençon
Tous Les Soirs
colour lithograph

Emilienne d'Alençon
(see above)

1893 Folies-Bergere
L'Arc en Ciel Ballet-Pantomine en Trois Tableaux
colour lithograph 123.9 x 86.7 cm
Museum of Modern Art, New York 

1893 Folies-Bergère, Fleur de Lotus
colour lithograph

1893 Folies-Bergère, La Loïe Fuller
colour lithograph 123.2 x 87.6 cm
Museum of Modern Art, New York

La Loïe Fuller
(see above)

1893 L'Auréole du Midi
Pétrole de Sûreté Extra-Blanc & Sans Odeur
colour lithograph 125 x 88 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1893 La Danse
published in L'Estampe originale, Album IV
lithograph in sepia and buff with pencil and scratching out
37 x 23 cm
Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia

1893 Palais de Glace, Champs Elysées 
colour lithograph 57.7 x 40.9 cm

1893 Palais de Glace, Champs Elysées 
colour lithograph 124.1 x 88.3 cm
Museum of Modern Art, New York

1893 Purgatif Géraudel, La Boîte 1F 50
colour lithograph 100 x 75 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1893 Saxoleine Pétrole de Sûreté
colour lithograph on cream wove paper 124.2 x 88.2 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1893 Saxoléine Pétrole de Sûreté
colour lithograph 124 x 87 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1893 Si vous toussez Prenez des Pastilles Géraudel
colour lithograph 100 x 75 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1893 Théâtre de la Tour Eiffel "La Bodinière"
Paris-Chicago Revue en 2 Actes
colour lithograph 124 x 89 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France

1893 Tous les Soirs Alcazar d'Eté, Louise Balthy
colour lithograph 117 x 89 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

Louise Balthy

1894 Au Quartier Latin
colour lithograph
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1894 El Dorado Music Hall, Tous les Soirs
colour lithograph

1894 Lait Stérilisé de la Ferme des Aigles
colour lithograph

1894 Lire dans le Radical Madame Sans-Gêne
colour lithograph 125 x 87 cm

1894 Redoute des Etudiants
Closerie des Lilas (Salle Bullier)
colour lithograph (proof)

 

1894 Redoute des Etudiants
Closerie des Lilas (Salle Bullier)
colour lithograph

1894 Saxoléïne, Pétrole de Sûrete
colour lithograph 122 x 86 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1894 Saxoléïne, Pétrole de Sûrete
colour lithograph (proof)
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1894 Théâtre de l'Opéra Carnaval 1894
colour lithograph 125 x 88.5 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France

1894 Vin Mariani
Popular French Tonic Wine
colour lithograph 127.6 x 92 cm

1894 Vin Mariani
colour lithograph on tan wove poster paper 57.3 x 37.2 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, IL

1895 Alcazar d'été, Lidia
 colour lithograph 124 x 87 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

Lidia

1895 Le Drame de Pontcharra, de Paul Saunière
two-colour lithograph

1895 Le Figaro a tous les jours Six Pages
two-colour lithograph 83 x 60 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1895 Le Punch Grassot, se trouve dans les Grands Cafés
colour lithograph 60 x 40 cm

1895 Le Punch Grassot, se trouve dans les Grands Cafés
colour lithograph (proof)

1895 Quinquina Dubonnet apéritif dans tous les cafés
colour lithograph (proof) 125 x 86 cm

1895 Quinquina Dubonnet apéritif dans tous les cafés
colour lithograph 125 x 86 cm

1895 Quinquina Dubonnet Apéritif Dans tous les Cafés
colour lithograph 124.6 x 87.1 cm

1895 Quinquina Dubonnet Apéritif Dans tous les Cafés
colour lithograph (proof) 124.6 x 87.1 cm

1896 Pastilles Géraudel
colour lithograph 58 x 39 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1895-1900 Woman with Fan
two-colour lithograph 39.7 x 28.9 cm

c1895 Kola Marque
colour lithograph 124 x 88 cm

1896 Camille Stéfani
colour lithograph

1896 Casino d'Enghien
colour lithograph

1896 Palais de Glace, Champs-Elysées
colour lithograph

1896 Pastilles Géraudel
colour lithograph 58 x 39 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1896 Pastilles Poncelet
colour lithograph