Friday, 31 August 2012

Jean Dubuffet - part 2

Jean Dubuffet (1901 – 1985) was a French painter and sculptor. His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so called "low art" and eschewed traditional standards of beauty in favour of what he believed to be a more authentic and humanistic approach to image-making. For biographical notes on Dubuffet, and for earlier works, see part 1.

This is part 2 of a 4-part post on the works of Jean Dubuffet:

1946 Jean Paulhan acrylic & oil on masonite 108.9 x 87.9 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1946 Large Black Landscape oil on board 155.1 x 118.6 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1946 Miss Cholera oil, sand, grit & straw on canvas 54.6 x 45.7 cm

1946 Venus Pavement oil on plaster board 102 x 82 cm

1947 Monsieur Plume with Creases in his Trousers (Portrait of Henri Michaux) oil & grit on canvas 130.2 x 103.5 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1947 Pierre Matisse, dark portrait, oil on canvas 130 x 97 cm

1947 The Hotel Shade of Apricot oil on canvas 116 x 89 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1947-48 Arab Between Palm Trees 44 x 55 cm

1948 Bedouin on a Donkey 130 x 97 cm

1948 Bedouins and Palm gouache on paper 44.1 x 55.2 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1948 Camel, Arab, Gazelle, Palm gouache on paper 45.7 x 56.5 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1948 Morabito, Arab and Stuck Camel 37.5 x 54 cm

1948 The Desert Theatre gouache on paper 31 x 40.5 cm

1950 Corpse of a Woman ink on paper 26.4 x 20 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York



1950 Miss Araña oil on canvas 116 x 89 cm


1950 Muddy Ground Music (Landscape with Violinist) hardboard 65 x 81 cm

1950 The Beautiful Heavy Breasts oil on canvas 116 x 89 cm

1950 The Tree of Fluids oil on canvas 116.1 x 89 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1951 Brown Hair and Fleshy Face mixed media on canvas 64.9 x 54 cm

1952 Furniture and Objects oil on canvas 92 x 122 cm

1952 Wild Places gouache & oil on putty & hardboard 50.5 x 61 cm © ProLitteris, Zürich

1953 Fern in the Hat lithograph 52.7 x 40 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1953 Landscape, ink on cut paper, collaged 9.9 x 14.8 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1953 Leaves with Bird lithograph 47.2 x 48.7 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1953 Peopling the Lands lithograph 64.5 x 50 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1953 Small Characters and Dogs butterfly wings 24 x 17.5 cm

1953 Sylvain Hair collage with butterfly wings 26.5 x 17.5 cm

1953 The Busy Life oil on canvas 130.2 x 195.6 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1954 The Cow with the Subtile Nose oil & enamel on canvas 88.9 X 116.1 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Wednesday, 29 August 2012

Jean Dubuffet - part 1

Self-Portrait 1936 oil on canvas 65.4 x 54.6 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Jean Dubuffet (1901 – 1985) was born in Le Havre, France. He attended art classes in his youth, and in 1918 moved to Paris to study at the Académie Julian, which he left after six months. During this time, Dubuffet met Raoul Dufy, Max Jacob, Fernand Léger, and Suzanne Valadon. He travelled to Italy in 1923 and South America in 1924. Then Dubuffet gave up painting for about ten years, working as an industrial draftsman and later in the family wine business. He committed himself to becoming an artist in 1942.

Dubuffet’s first solo exhibition was held at the Galerie René Drouin, Paris, in 1944. During the 1940s, he associated with André Breton, Georges Limbour, Jean Paulhan, and Charles Ratton. His style and subject matter in this period owed a debt to Paul Klee. From 1945, he collected Art Brut, spontaneous, direct works by untutored individuals, such as mental patients. The Pierre Matisse Gallery gave him his first solo show in New York in 1947.

From 1951 to 1952, Dubuffet lived in New York. He then returned to Paris, where a retrospective of his work took place at the Cercle Volney in 1954. His first museum retrospective occurred in 1957 at the Schloss Morsbroich, Leverkusen. Dubuffet exhibitions were subsequently held at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, in 1960 to 1961; the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the Art Institute of Chicago in 1962; Palazzo Grassi, Venice, in 1964; the Tate Gallery, London, and Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, in 1966; and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, in 1966 to 1967.

A collection of Dubuffet’s writings, Prospectus et tous écrits suivants (Prospectus and all subsequent texts), was published in 1967, the same year he started his architectural structures. Soon thereafter, he began numerous commissions for monumental outdoor sculptures. In 1971, he produced his first theatre props, the “practicables.” A Dubuffet retrospective was presented at the Akademie der Kunst, Berlin, the Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna, and the Joseph-Haubrichkunsthalle, Cologne (1980–81). In 1981, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum observed the artist’s 80th birthday with an exhibition. Jean Dubuffet died in 1985 in Paris.

This is part 1 of a 4-part post on the works of Jean Dubuffet:

1924-25 Botanical Lesson oil on canvas 60 x 49 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1924-25 Cherries and Smoker oil on canvas 45 x 37 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1942 Two Naked Women gouache 60 x 47 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1943 A Man with a Cat charcoal on paper 33.7 x 26 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1943 A Widow oil on canvas 91.4 x 73 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Bearded Man Wearing Spectacles lithograph 37.8 x 28.9 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Happy Camp oil on canvas 130 x 47 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Horseback Riding lithograph 33.7 x 25.1 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 House in the Forest lithograph 32.4 x 25.7 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Man Eating a Small Stone lithograph 32.3 x 24.1 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Matter and Memory 'Typist' lithograph 25.5 x 15.3 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

1944 Matter and Memory, Ingenue lithograph 33.3 x 25.4 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Matter and Memory, Maternity lithograph 33 x 26.4 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Matter and Memory, Negress lithograph 33 x 25.4 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Matter and Memory, Woman and Baby lithograph 33.3 x 25.1 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 Telephone Torment lithograph 32.7 x 25.1 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 The Coffee Grinder lithograph 34 x 24.1 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 The Nose Blower lithograph 33.3 x 25.7 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1944 View of Paris with Furtive Pedestrians oil on canvas 88.9 x 115.9 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1945 Man Sitting in a Chair oil on canvas 73 x 54 cm © ProLitteris, Zürich

1945 Portrait of a Woman gouache on cardboard 31 x 28 cm © ProLitteris, Zürich

1945 Small Head of a Man oil & newspaper on canvas on laminated cardboard 21.5 x 13.5 cm © ProLitteris, Zürich

1945 Supervielle, Large Banner Portrait oil on canvas 130.2 x 97.2 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1945 Two Men on Foot by a Wall lithograph 38.1 x 28.6 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1945 Wall History, Plate 1 37.8 x 28.9 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1945 Woman Grinding Coffee plaster, oil, tar & sand on canvas 116.2 x 88.9 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1946 Apartment Houses, Paris oil, sand & charcoal on canvas 114 x 145.7 cm © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

1946 Inhabited Landscape lithograph 21.7 x 33.5 cm © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002