Friday, 30 August 2019

Honoré Daumier - part 16

Honoré Daumier was born in Marseilles into the family of a glazier, who was fond of poetry and even wrote his own verses. In 1814, the family moved to Paris. Daumier started to study art in 1822 under the renowned artist and archaeologist Alexandre Lenoir. The financial situation forced Daumier to earn his living as a delivery boy, while at his spare time he sketched at the Louvre. About 1828, he learned the technique of lithography and began to work for small publishing houses. After the revolution of 1830 in the atmosphere of freedom of speech in France the role of mass media grew and the art of political satire flourished. In 1830, Daumier started to work for Philipon’s “Caricature” and “Le Charivari.”

A caricaturist famous for his scathing social commentary, Daumier earned his reputation primarily as a draughtsman. It was not until a posthumous exhibition held in Paris in 1878 that his paintings gained wide recognition. While Daumier’s political cartoons are often pointed—savagely precise in their references and implications—many of his paintings rely on ambiguity and nuance. This unfinished composition has been variously identified as a dramatic scene of escape and a mundane illustration of a house painter at work. With its bold, graphic style and equivocal subject, this painting is among the most shockingly modern pictures produced in the mid-nineteenth century.

For more biographical notes see part 1, and for earlier works, see parts 1 - 15 also.

This is part 16 of a major 23-part series on the works of Honoré Daumier:


1863 À La Brasserie:


1863 No.3. Dernières Nouvelles
 colour lithograph 27 x 36 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA

1864 No.4. La Muse de la Brasserie
lithograph with colour wash on wove paper 20.4 x 26.2 cm
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT



1864 Actualités (Current Affairs):

1864 No.33. Paris grippé.
lithograph 36.3 x 27.8 cm ( image )
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1864 No.37. - Eh ! bien, mon brave anglais, vous qui aimez tant à voyager...
colour lithograph 32 x 24 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA

1864 No.40. Le Départ de l'Hiver. - Comment, vous songez déjà à nous quitter ?... vous notre meilleur allié !...
lithograph 36.2 x 27.5 cm ( image )
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

1864 No.464. Vot'bourgeois est-y pour la liberté de la boucherie?…
lithograph on newsprint 23.6 x 27.6 cm ( sheet )
 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1864 Croquis de chasse (Hunting Sketches):


1864 No.1. Eux au moins ne reviennent pas bredouilles…
colour lithograph 36 x 27 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA

1864 No.2. J'ai donc tué un perdreau! Tiens c'est un moineau!
colour lithograph 36 x 27 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA

1864 Croquis pris au théâtre (Sketches made at the Theatre):


1864 Un Nouveau Théatre Modèl.
 lithograph on newsprint 24.1 x 22.5 cm ( image )
 Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA

1864 No.1. Les Spectateurs de l'Orchestre
hand-coloured lithograph 32.9 x 25.9 cm ( sheet )
 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1864 No.2. On dit que les Parisiens sont difficile à satisfaire…
lithograph 24.8 x 23.2 cm ( image )
Museum of FIne Arts, Boston, MA

1864 No.3. A Literary Discussion in the Second Balcony.
 lithograph 24.8 x 22.9 cm ( image )
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

1864 En Chemins de Fer (The Railway):

1864 No.3. Ils ont l'air de se concerter. Je suis bien faché d'être monté dans ce wagon! Et dire qu'il n'y a pas moyen de faire arrêter le train!
 colour lithograph 36 x 27 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA


 1865 Actualités (Current Affairs):

1865 No.238. Entre recors
colour lithograph 36 x 27 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public LIbrary, MA

1865 No.243. Chez un usurier
colour lithograph 30 x 24 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA

1865 No.248. Un Banquet d'Hippophages.
 lithograph on newsprint 23.2 x 22.4 cm ( image )
 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1865 Les Spirites (Spirits):


1865 No.2. Eh! bien, mon ami, a quoi penses-tu donc de te relever comme ça au milieu de la nuit, serais tu indisposé?...
colour lithograph 36 x 27 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA


 1865 Physionomies Prises des Chemins de Fer 
(Physionomies taken from the railways):



1865 No.1. Ah! Enfin voila le train!
colour lithograph 36 x 27 cm ( sheet )
Boston Public Library, MA


1863-67 Trio d'amateurs
oil on wood 21.5 x 27.5 cm
Petit Palais, musée des Beaux-arts de la Ville de Paris

1863-67c The Chess Players
oil on panel 24 x 32 cm
Musée du Petit Palais, Paris

1863c Art Lovers
26.2 x 19.3 cm
Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio

1863c The Laundress
oil on panel 49 x 33.5 cm
Musée d'Orsay, Paris
© RMN-Grand Palais

1863c The Laundress
oil on wood 48.9 x 33 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1863c The Smoker
oil on panel 27 x 34.5 cm
Foundation E.G. Bührle Collection, Zurich

1864 after Don Quixote and the Dead Mule
oil on wood 24.8 x 46 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1864 At the Theatre
oil on canvas 97 x 89 cm
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich

1864 Good Friends
23.6 x 30.4 cm
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD

1864 The First Class Carriage
watercolour, ink wash and charcoal on slightly textured, moderately thick, cream wove paper 20.5 x 30 cm
The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD

1864 The Omnibus
ink, watercolour, and black lithographic crayon on cream, moderately thick, moderately textured woven paper
21.2 x 30.2 cm
The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD

1864 The Second Class Carriage
watercolour, ink wash and charcoal on moderately textured, moderately thick, cream wove paper 20.5 x 30.1 cm
Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD

1864 The Third Class Carriage
watercolour, ink wash and charcoal on slightly textured, moderately thick, cream laid paper 20.3 x 29.5 cm
Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD

1864-65 Sideshow
charcoal, brush and India ink, watercolour and gouache on laid paper 29.6 x 39.8 cm
Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

1864-65 Street Singers
33.5 x 23.5 cm
Foundation EG Bührle Collection, Zurich

1864-65 Street Singers
34 x 26 cm
Musée des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris, Petit Palais

1864-65 The Waiting Room
21.9 x 17.1 cm
A.M. Kaplan Collection, New York

1865 Mother with Child
oil on canvas 40 x 33 cm
Private Collection

1865 The incomparable somnabulist" from 'Memories of the celebration at St. Cloud' published in
Le Petit Journal pour Rire
lithograph on newsprint 14 x 24.2 cm ( image )
 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1865-66 L’attente à la gare
crayon and watercolour with some pen and ink 28 x 34 cm
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

1865-66 Third-Class Carriage
23.5 x 33 cm
Private Collection

1865-66 Waiting at the Station
28 x 34 cm
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

1865-66c Study for "Saltimbanques Resting"
oil on panel 29.8 x 37.5 cm
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, CA
© Norton Simon Art Foundation

1865-67 Don Quixote and Sancho Panza Riding
 pen and ink, brush and ink, and watercolour over graphite on wove paper 14.8 x 28 cm
Museum of Art Rhode Island School of Design,
 Providence, RI

1865-67 Don Quixote and Sancho Panza Riding
 study

1865-67c Clown Playing a Drum
black chalk, pen and ink, wash, watercolour, gouache, and conte crayon on paper 33.5 x 25.5 cm
The British Museum, London

1865-68 Advice to a Young Artist
oil on canvas 41.3 x 33 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1865-68 The Amateurs
black crayon with watercolour and gouache heightened with white gouache on cream, moderately thick, slightly textured wove paper 32.4 x 30.8 cm
The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD

1865-70 Don Quixote Reading
oil on canvas 82.2 x 65 cm
National Museum Wales, Cardiff, UK

1865-70 Head of a Clown
oil on panel 22 x 16.5 cm
Private Collection

1865-70 Politics
37.7 x 29 cm
Oskar Reinhart Collection, Winterthur, Switzerland

1865-70 Spectators in the Theatre
oil on panel 26.5 x 35 cm
Kunsthalle Hamburg, Germany

1865-70 The Two Colleagues ( Lawyers )
 watercolour, pen and black ink and gouache on paper
25.7 x 19.1 cm
Brooklyn Museum, New York

1865-70 Two Heads
9.2 x 17.2 cm
Private Collection

1865-70 Waiting at the Station
25.2 x 29 cm
Private Collection

1865-70 Worker with a Wheelbarrow
18.6 x 13.4 cm
Private Collection