Tuesday, 10 June 2014

Joseph Wright of Derby - part 4

1782-85c Joseph Wright (Self-Portrait) oil on canvas 62.2 x 52.7 cm © National Portrait Gallery, London UK
Joseph Wright (1734 – 1797) styled Joseph Wright of Derby. Was an English landscape and portrait painter. He has been acclaimed as “the first professional painter to express the spirit of the Industrial Revolution”. Wright is noted for his use of Chiaroscuro effect, which emphasises the contrast of light and dark, and for his paintings of candle-lit subjects. His paintings of the birth of science out of alchemy, often based on meetings of the Lunar Society, a group of very influential scientists and industrialists living in the English Midlands, are a significant record of the struggle of science against religious values in the period known as the Age of Enlightenment.

This is part 4 of a 5 - part post on the works of Joseph Wright. For full biographical notes see part 1. For earlier works see parts 1 - 3 also.


1780c Francis Hurt oil on canvas 127 x 101.6 cm Private Collection

1780c Joseph Wright (Self-Portrait) oil on canvas 73 x 61 cm Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven CT

1780c Mrs Francis Hurt oil on canvas 127 x 101.6 cm Private Collection

1780c Samuel Crompton oil on canvas 76.3 x 63.5 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK

1780c Mrs Samuel Crompton oil on canvas 76.2 x 63.5 cm Private Collection

1780c Old John, Head Waiter at the King's Head in Derby oil on canvas 74 x 61.5 cm Private Collection

1780c Portrait of a Girl in a Tawny-Coloured Dress oil on canvas 122 x 99 cm Private Collection

1781 Christopher Heath oil on canvas 127 x 101.6 cm Private Collection

1781 Sir Brooke Boothby oil on canvas 148.6 x 207.6 cm Tate, London UK

1781 The Synnot children oil on canvas 152.4 x 125.8 cm National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

1781-82 John Whetham of Kirklington, Nottinghamshire oil on canvas 127 x 101.6 cm Private Collection

1781-82c The Rev. D'Ewes Coke, His Wife Hannah and Daniel Parker Coke
oil on canvas 152.4 x 177.8 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK

1782 Ellen Goodwin (1740/1741–1823), Mrs Henry Case-Morewood
oil on canvas 127 x 101.5 cm National Trust UK

1782 The Reverend Henry Case (1746/1747–1825), Later The Reverend Henry Case-Morewood
oil on canvas 133.5 x 100.5 cm National Trust, Clandon Park, Guildford UK


1779 Virgil's Tomb by Moonlight, with Silius Italicus Declaiming
oil on canvas 101.6 x 127 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1782 Virgil's Tomb by Moonlight oil on canvas 101.6 x 127 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK.

1785 Virgil's Tomb; Sun Breaking through a Cloud oil on canvas 47 x 65 cm Ulster Museum, Belfast UK


1782-83c Arkwright's Cotton Mills by Night oil on canvas 99.7 x 125.7 cm Private Collection

1782-83c John Whitehurst FRS oil on canvas 92.1 x 71.1 cm Private Collection

1782-83c Samuel Ward (1732–1820)  oil on canvas 76.2 x 63.5 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK

1882 -84 The Corinthian Maid
Josiah Wedgewood, the pioneer of pottery manufacturing, commissioned this mythological scene that illustrates the invention of the art of modeling bas-relief sculpture. Wedgwood’s own fired-clay vessels, decorated with low reliefs, would
have been seen by an eighteenth-century audience as the aesthetic descendants of this ancient Greek maiden’s attempt to preserve her beloved’s profile. The girl was the daughter of a potter in Corinth. Her boyfriend was about to embark on a perilous journey to foreign lands, taking only his spear and dog. As a memento, she traced her sleeping lover’s silhouette onto the wall. Her father then used the drawing to model a clay relief, which he fired in his kiln to create a ceramic keepsake.
In this painting Joseph Wright has concealed a hanging lamp behind a curtain, suggesting the source of the beams that cast the youth’s shadow. In contrast to the lam’s gentle glow, intense sparks and embers leap inside the potter’s fiery furnace.

Wright researched his topic for archeological accuracy. Wedgwood loaned antique vases from his own art collection so that Wright could copy their shapes, and the clothing derives from ancient sculptures. Classical symmetry pervades the design; the curtain and archway flank the focal action of the maiden’s stylus tracing the youth’s profile.

1782-84 The Corinthian Maid oil on canvas 106.3 x 130.8 cm The National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

1783-84 Penelope Unravelling her Web oil on canvas 105.7 x 128.9 cm The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles CA

1783-85 The Gulf of Salerno oil on canvas 41.6 x 59.4 cm Art Institute of Chicago IL

1783-85c Sir Richard Arkwright oil on canvas 126 x 102 cm © National Portrait Gallery, London UK

1784 John Coates Browne oil on canvas 156.8 x 110 cm

1785 Dovedale by Moonlight oil on canvas 62.5 x 77.8 cm Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin OH

exhibited 1785 The Lady in Milton's Comus oil on canvas 101 x 127 cm Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool UK

1785 Imaginary Landscape with a Bridge in the Roman Campagna oil on canvas 76.2 x 96.5 cm © Tate, London


1785 The Widow of an Indian Chief Watching the Arms of Her Deceased Husband
oil on canvas 101.6 x 127 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK

1789 John Raphael Smith "The Widow of an Indian Chief Watching the Arms of Her Deceas'd Husband"
mezzotint on paper Harvard Art Museums - Fogg Museum, Cambridge MA


1785-89c Dr. Richard Wright oil on canvas 76.2 x 63.5 cm

1785-90c Sunset on the Coast near Naples oil on canvas 63.5 x 75.9 cm Private Collection

1785c Landscape with Dale Abbey and Church Rocks. oil on canvas 72.4 x 99 cm Sheffield City Art Galleries, Sheffield UK

1785c River Landscape oil on canvas 50.8 x 76.2 cm Towner Gallery, Eastbourne UK


1785c Portrait of General Giles oil on canvas 75.2 x 83.8 cm Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C.

1785c Reverend Basil Bury Beridge oil on canvas 127 x 101 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria

1785c William and Margaret from Percy's 'Reliques of Ancient English Poetry'
oil on canvas 121.9 x 139.7 cm Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven CT

1786 Dovedale oil on canvas 64.5 x 84.5 cm Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven CT

1786 The Rev. and Mrs. Thomas Gisborne, of Yoxhall Lodge, Leicestershire
oil on canvas 185.4 x 152.4 cm Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven CT

1786 View in Dovedale oil on canvas 45.7 x 63.5 cm Private Collection

1786c The Convent of San Cosimato and Part of the Claudian Aqueduct near Vicovaro in the Roman Campagna
oil on canvas 76.2 x 63.5 cm Private Collection

1787 Lake with Castle on a Hill oil on canvas 145 x 205 cm

1787 Lower End of Windermere (attributed to) graphite and ink on paper 20.2 x 31.1 cm

1787 Moonlight with a Lake and Castellated Tower oil on canvas 58 x 76.2 cm Private Collection

1787-88 The Convent of San Cosimato oil on canvas 50.5 x 63.5 cm Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool UK

1787-90 The Prisoner oil on canvas 40.6 x 47 cm Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven CT


1785-93 Cottage on Fire at Night oil on canvas 56.5 x 80 cm Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven CT

1787c A Cottage on Fire oil on canvas 58 x 76.2 cm The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis MN

1793 Cottage on Fire oil on canvas 63.5 x 76.2 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK


1788 Lady Wilmot and her Child oil on canvas 213.4 x 157.5 cm Private Collection

1788 Landgollen (attributed to) graphite and ink on paper 20.7 x 33.6 cm

1788-90c A view of Vesuvius from Posillipo, Naples
oil on canvas 54 x 77.5 cm Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia

1788c Vesuvius from Posillipo oil on panel 63.5 x 83.8 cm

1788c Sunset on the Coast near Naples oil on canvas 63.5 x 75.9 cm Private Collection

exhibited 1789 Moonlight with a Lighthouse, Coast of Tuscany oil on canvas 101.6 x 127.6 cm Tate, London UK

1789 The Children of Hugh and Sarah Wood of Swanwick, Derbyshire (Robert Wood, John Wood & Mary Wood)
oil on canvas 167.6 x 134.6 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK

1789 The Cloister of San Cosimato oil on panel 61 x 81 cm Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Germany

1789 The Colosseum, Rome, Italy, Daylight oil on canvas 104.1 x 129.5 cm Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby UK

1789-90c Susannah Hurt with Her Daughter Mary Anne oil on canvas 229.8 x 138.4 cm Private Collection

1789c Charles Hurt of Wirksworth oil on canvas 229.8 x 138.4 cm Private Collection


1789-90 Sir Richard Arkwright oil on canvas 241.3 x 152.4 cm Private Collection

1790 Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792) oil on canvas 74.5 x 62 cm Helmshore Mills Textile Museum, Helmshore UK

Note: The painting below is another version of the painting above, with subtle differences.

1790 Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792) oil on canvas 76.5 x 64.5 cm Science Museum, London UK

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: only a member of this blog may post a comment.