Wednesday, 21 April 2021

Jules Chéret - part 6


Jules Chéret (French, 1836–1932) was a renowned painter and lithographer. Chéret was born in Paris, France, and his family was considered poor, though most of the family members had artistic leanings. At the age of 13, the artist left school and became an apprentice to a lithographer for three years. Chéret became increasingly interested in painting, and enrolled at the École Nationale de Dessin to study art. Chéret went to London to study photography from 1859 to 1866, and was greatly influenced by British Art, especially printing and poster design. 

When Chéret returned to France, he took up poster printing and made posters for different theateres, including Eldorado, the Moulin Rouge, and the Olympia. Apart from the British poster printers, Chéret was also influenced by Rococo artists, such as Antoine Watteau. The demand for Chéret’s work grew, and he started working for different outfits, such as municipal festivals, beverage companies, and even pharmaceutical companies, producing different graphic advertisements. He was given the tag Father of the Women’s Liberation when he began producing huge paintings of free-spirited females, widely known as Chérettes, which were very much in contrast to the then-prevailing norm of depicting females as puritans or prostitutes. Examples of Chéret’s paintings include L’Arc en Ciel(1893), Grand Bal Masqué (1896), and Musée Grevin, Théâtre les Fantoches(1900). 

Chéret was instrumental in the emergence of printers and poster designers in the late 1890s. He created the Maîtres de l’Affiche collection in 1895. This was a collection of reproductions from 97 Parisian artists, and the work inspired different artists, including Charles Gesmar. Chéret retired to Nice, France, when he was an old man. The French government awarded him the Légion d’honneur in 1890. He exhibited his work in different institutions, including the Louvre and the Salon, both in Paris. Chéret’s works are found in various institutions around the world, including the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan; the Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany; and The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. Jules Chéret died in Nice.


For earlier works by Chéret see parts 1 - 5 also.

This is part 6 of 7 on the works of Jules Chéret:


1896 Qunqiuina Dubonnet
colour lithograph 122.8 x 87.6 cm
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA

1896 Théâtre de L'Opéra Carnaval 1896
colour lithograph

1896 Théâtre de l'Opéra
colour lithograph 125 x 90 cm

1896 Untitled (Concert d'Été)

1896 Untitled (Woman in Harlequin costume)

c1896 Théâtrophone
colour lithograph

1897  Folies-Bergère, La Danse du Feu
colour lithograph 125 x 99 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1897 Cacao Lhara
colour lithograph 250 x 90 cm

1897 Grands Magasins du Louvre, Étrennes 1897
colour lithograph 122 x 83 cm

1897 Pan, a Journal of Satire
two-colour lithograph 29.5 x 23.5 cm

1897 Parfumerie-distillerie Monaco
Iris Villa, Monte Carlo
colour lithograph (proof) 126 x 86 cm

1897 Parfumerie-distillerie Monaco
Iris Villa, Monte Carlo

colour lithograph126 x 86 cm

1897 Théâtre de l'Opéra, Fête du Printemps
colour lithograph 111.4 x 87.7 cm
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA

1898 Design for Maîtres de l'Affiche (Masters of the Poster)

Design for Maîtres de l'Affiche (Masters of the Poster) refers to 256 colour lithographic plates used to create an art publication during the Belle Époque in Paris. The collection, reproduced from the original works of ninety-seven artists in a smaller 11 x 15 inch format, was put together by Chéret. 

The varied selection of prints were sold in packages of four and delivered monthly to subscribers. On sixteen occasions during the selling period between December 1895 and November 1900, the monthly package included a bonus of a specially created lithograph.


1898 Exposition de Jules Chéret, Décembre 1889
colour lithograph

1898 Exposition de Tableaux et Dessins de A. Willette
colour lithograph 32 x 23 cm

1898 Théâtre de l'Opéra, Jeudi 17 Mars
colour lithograph 1m 24 cm x 88 cm 
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1898 Théâtre de l'Opéra, Samedi 7 Janvier, Grande Fête
colour lithograph (proof) 124 x 88 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1898 Théâtre de l'Opéra, Samedi 7 Janvier, Grande Fête
colour lithograph 124 x 88 cm

1898 Untitled lithograph

1899 Exposition Universelle de 1899, Le Pays de Fees
colour lithograph

1899 Pippermint, Get Frères à Revel
 colour lithograph 122 x 85.5 cm

1899 Untitled (Musician)

1900 La Bodinière La Marche au Soleil
colour lithograph 124 x 87 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1900 Benzo-Moteur, Essence Spéciale Pour Automobiles en Bidons Plombés et Capsulés
colour lithograph 120 x 80 cm

1900 Folies-Bergère, Le Miroir Pantomime par René Maizeroy
colour lithograph 125 x 90 cm

1900 L'Andalousie au Temps des Maures, Exposition de 1900
colour lithograph 129 x 93 cm

1900 La Dentellière
two decorative panels for the publisher Malherbe for the 1900 World's Fair in Paris
 colour lithograph 123 x 86.2 cm

1900 La Fileuse
two decorative panels for the publisher Malherbe for the 1900 World's Fair in Paris
colour lithograph 119.3 x 80 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota

1900 Musée Grévin, Les Dames Hongroises
colour lithograph

1900 Musée Grévin Théâtre
colour lithograph 123 x 89 cm

1900 Musée Grévin Théâtre
colour lithograph (proof) 123 x 89 cm

1900 Palais de Glace, Champs Elysées
colour lithograph with brush, pen, and spatter 116.5 x 84 cm
Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia

1900 Palais de Glace, Champs Elysées

1900 Taverne Olympia, Restaurant ouvert toute la nuit
colour lithograph

1900 Untitled (Dancer)

c1900 A Bullfighter
charcoal on paper 38 x 23 cm

c1900 Dancer
charcoal on paper 38.5 x 24.5 cm

c1900 Dancer
lithograph on vellum 31.5 x 22.8 cm

c1900 Dancer with a Hat
charcoal on paper 38.5 x 24.5 cm

c1900 Jules Roques

1900c Musée Grévin, Magie Noire
two-colour lithograph

c1900 Paris Fashion

1901 Benzo-Moteur, Essence spéciale pour Automobiles
colour lithograph 123 x 86.5 cm

1901 Cleveland Cycles
colour lithograph 122.2 x 91.1 cm
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA

1901 Cleveland Cycles
colour lithograph (proof) 120 x 187
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1904 Arlette Dorgère
colour lithograph 124 x 87 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

Arlette Dorgère

1904 Arlette Dorgère
colour lithograph

1904 Le Figaro
colour lithograph 85 x 62 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1904 Premier Concours de Balcons Fleuris
organisé par la Société du Nouveau-Paris
lithograph 128 x 92.5 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1906 Au Printemps Paris, Étrennes 1906
colour lithograph 155.5 x 87 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1907 Fêtes de Nice
colour lithograph 107 x 75 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1909 Louis Vauxcelles
charcoal on blue paper 35.5 x 22 cm