Monday, 30 March 2020

Adolph Menzel - part 6

c1900 Adolph Menzel
etching by Erich Heermann
28.2 x 19.2 cm (sheet)

The German painter, etcher and lithographer Adolph von Menzel (1815-1905) ranks alongside Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) as one of the most innovative figures in German Art of the 19th Century.  However, unlike Friedrich, who believed deeply in the romantic power of nature, Menzel believed in Realism and strove for an objective, true-to-life representation of the world. A master of drawing and various types of print-making, as well as realist paintinghe created over 10,000 paintings, drawings and fine art prints, including 400 illustrations for the life of Emperor Frederick the Great. His canvases - including history paintings and genre scenes, as well as portraits - are typically well researched, acutely observant and highly detailed. His palette, treatment of light and overall style - as exemplified for instance by Living Room with the Artist's Sister (1847, Bavarian State Art Collection, Neue Pinakothek, Munich) pre-dated French Impressionism by twenty five years. Menzel now ranks alongside the best modern artists of 19th century Germany.

For full biographical notes on Adolph Menzel see part 1. For earlier works by Menzel see parts 1 - 5 also.

This is part 6 of a 10-part series on the works of Adolph Menzel:



1862 At the Opera
oil on paper mounted on board 51.1 x 43.2 cm
 Hamburger Kunsthalle, Germany

1862 Berliner Straße im Winter
gouache and coloured chalk 32.4 x 26.8 cm
 Stiftung Stadtmuseum Berlin, Germany

1863 Deer at the Zoo
gouache 21.1 x 26 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1863 Drying Yard
gouache 13.4 x 28.1 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1863 Factory on fire
gouache 29.9 x 39.5 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1863 View from the balcony of the Berlin Castle
 oil on canvas 52.6 x 37 cm
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Neue Pinakothek München

c1863-64 Princess Alexandrine of Prussia
 gouache 29.5 x 23.1 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1c863-83 Cassowary
goauche 25 x 11.1 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

c1863-83 Corner of a house in the moonlight
 gouache 27.8 x 21 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

c1863-83 Rat in the gutter
gouache 8.3 x 14.2 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

c1863 Zulus
watercolour and gouache 27.5 x 30.3 cm
 Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany

1864 Baron von der Heydt, Minister of State
 watercolour, gouache and pencil on paper 29.6 x 22.4 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1864 Baron von Patow, Minister of State
 watercolour and gouache over pencil 29.4 x 22.3 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1864 Festblatt zur Jahrhundertfeier der Geburt Gottfried Schadows, 20. Mai 1864
(Memorial for the 100th birthday of Gottfried Schadow)
lithograph on paper 32.1 x 22.8 cm
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London

1864 Hand holding a book
gouache 25 x 18 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1864 Hand holding a paint dish
gouache 20 x 25 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1864 The Moritzhof Inn
gouache 23.4 x 36.1 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1866 Cuirasses lying down
gouache 29.3 x 51.2 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1866 Six suits of armour standing against a wall
 gouache 38.3 x 52.3 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1866 Study of a Knight and suit of armour
 watercolour and gouache heightened with white and pencil on paper laid down on paperboard 29.2 x 22.4 cm

1866 Suits of armour standing
pencil and gouache 43.9 x 56.7 cm
Albertina, Vienna, Austria

1866 Suits of armour
(details not found)

1866 Two dead soldiers laid out on straw
 watercolour over pencil 18 x 27.2 cm
 Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1867 Afternoon in the Tuileries Gardens
oil on canvas 49 x 70 cm
The National Gallery, London

1867 At the Louvre
oil on wood panel 23.6 x 18 cm
Hamburger Kunsthalle, Germany

1867 Blind Man's Bluff
gouache on paper 29.4 x 22.7 cm
Private Collection

1867 Should I open?
watercolour and gouache with gum arabic 30.2 x 22.7 cm

1867 Szene auf einem Maskenball in ritterlicher Tracht / Rathe, wer ist's?
(Scene at a masked ball in chivalrous costume / Who is it?)

print 21.3 x 17.5 cm
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London

1867 View from a window in the Marienstrasse
 gouache over chalk
Oskar Reinhart Foundation, Winterthur

1868 Borussia
oil on canvas 112.5 x 61.5 cm
Alte Nationalgalerie - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1868 Sermon in the Beechwood at Kösen
  oil on canvas  70 x 58 cm
Szépmüvészeti Múzeum, Budapest, Hungary

1869 Choirstalls in Mainz Cathedral
gouache 12.2 x 24.5 cm
Landesmuseum Mainz, Frankfurt, Germany

1869 Diploma for the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Heckmann Factory
gouache 50 x 61 cm
Private Collection

1869 Meissonier in his studio at Poissy
oil on panel 22.5 x 29 cm
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA

1869 The choir-stalls in the Mainz Cathedral
 watercolour and gouache (with gum arabic) 22.6 x 28.9 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1869 Weekday in Paris
oil on canvas 48.4 x 69.5 cm
Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, Germany

1870 Break in the Ball
oil on canvas 31.5 x 39.6 cm
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Neue Pinakothek München

c1870-80 Female figure, dancer
25 x 15.7 cm
© The Trustees of the British Museum, London

1870-79 Studies of a young woman
graphite on paper 15.9 x 24.1 cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1871 Bilse Concert
gouache 17.8 x 12 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1871 Departure of King William I for the army, 31 July 1870
oil on canvas 63 x 78 cm
Alte Nationalgalerie - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1871 French Prisoners of War on the March
 gouache 21.1 x 19.2 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1871 Soldier of the Prussian Landwehr and French prisoners (unfinished)
gouache 21 x 19.7 cm
Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1871 The waterproof coat of General Moltke
 graphite with black and grey wash heightened with white gouache on tan wove paper 39.6 x 25.4 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1871 William I departs for the Front, July 31, 1870
oil on canvas 63 x 78 cm
Alte Nationalgalerie - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

c1871 Painters preparing a transparent panel
 brown ink and gouache 33.4 x 25 cm
 Kupferstichkabinett - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany

1872 Figure studies
carpenter's pencil 37.9 x 26.3 cm
The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA

1872 Recollection of the Luxembourg Gardens
 oil on canvas 21.5 x 28.5 cm
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

1872 The interior of the Jacobskirche at Innsbruck
gouache on wove paper 40 x 26.2 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1872 The Studio Wall
oil on canvas 111 x 79 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany