Monday 29 April 2024

Mario Sironi - part 1

Mario Sironi was born in 1885 in Sassari, Sardinia. In 1902 he enrolled in the engineering school at the University of Rome, but soon abandoned his studies. At the Scuola Libera del Nudo, which he began attending in 1903, Sironi met Balla, Boccioni, and Severini. He exhibited at the “Esposizione della Società degli Amatori e Cultori” in 1905, and contributed illustrations to the Socialist journal L’Avanti della Domenica. He travelled to Paris in 1906, Munich in 1908, and Frankfurt in 1910. Suffering from depression, he spent long periods of his youth in seclusion and destroyed most of his early, Divisionist work. He adhere to Futurism late in 1913, participating in the “Esposizione Libera Futurista” at the Galleria Sprovieri in 1914.

By 1915 Sironi had moved to Milan, where he took the place of Ardengo Soffici in the core Futurist group. That same year he signed the Futurist’ interventionist manifesto L’orgoglio italiano (Italian Pride). He served at the front with Marinetti, Boccioni, Russolo, and Antonio Sant’Elia. In 1919 Sironi participated in the “Grande Mostra Futurista” in Milan, organised by Marinetti as a show of the movement’s strength in the immediate post-war period. That same year he held his first one-man show at the Casa d’Arte Bragaglia in Rome. In 1920 he signed Contro tutti i ritorni in pittura (Against All Revivals in Painting) with Russolo and other former Futurists. From 1919-21 he painted his famous series of paesaggi urbani, urban landscapes, which transformed De Chirico’s haunting Italian piazze d’Italia, city-squares, into contemporary scenes of the Milanese industrial periphery.

In 1922 he was one of the founding members of the Sette di Novecento in Milan and became the leading exponent of the Novecento italiano. Sironi was the chief political caricaturist and illustrator for Mussolini’s official press, Il Popolo d’Italia (1927–33) and La Rivista Illustrata del Popolo d’Italia (1934–39). He was also the leading theorist and practitioner of mural painting and received prominent commissions from the regime. He authored the influential Manifesto of Mural Painting in 1933. After World War II he returned to easel painting in a style consistent with the abstract Informel movement. In 1956 he was elected member of the Accademia di San Luca. Sironi died in Milan on 13 August 1961.

This is part 1 of a 5-part series on the works of Mario Sironi:

c1906 Woman's Face
pencil on paper (size not given)

c1913 Futurist Composition
 ink on paper 22.4 x 14.7 cm

c1913 Futurist Figure
pencil on paper 22 x 13.5 cm

1914 Futurist City Estorick
Collection of Modern Italian Art, London

1914 Nude (Standing Figure)
Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, London

c1914 Plasticity of a Head
ink and tempera on paper 19 x 13.4 cm

1915 Composition
mixed media on paper (size not given)

1915 Untitled (Woman, Horse and Cat)
size not given
Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, London

1915 The Metaphysical Robot Arant
(sie not given)
Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, London

1915-15 Soldier
crayon on paper 26.9 x 18.5 cm
MoMA, New York

c1915 Composition
tempera and mixed media on paper laid on canvas 20.9 x 19.7 cm

c1915 Futurist Composition
ink on paper 22.4 x 14.7 cm

1916 Figure of a man
pencil and charcoal on paper laid down on canvas 32 x 22 cm

1916 The Cyclist
oil on canvas (size not given)
Gaetani collection, Rome

1916 The Cyclist
oil on canvas 96 x 71 cm
Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York

1916 Sketch for the cover of Gli Avvenimenti (The Events) magazine
tempera and mixed media on paper laid on canvas 47.4 x 36 cm

1916 Townscape with Horse
pencil on paper 31 x 21 cm

1916 Urban landscape, aeroplane and seated woman
(size not given)
Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, London

c1916 Sketch for Illustration
tempera and mixed media on paper on canvas
(size not given)

1917 Horse and Carriage in a Street
(size not given)
Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, London

1918 Figure on a balcony
tempera on paper laid on canvas 26.8 x 19.8 cm

c1918-19 Composition
pencil on paper 23.9 x 19.6 cm

c1918 Mannequin
 ink on graph paper 21 x 15 cm
MoMA, New York

1919 Venus of Harbours
tempera on canvas 98 x 73.5 cm

c1919 Composition with Knight and mannequins
mixed media on cardboard 53.8 x 36.8 cm

c1919 Female figure, houses and studies of heads
pencil on paper 35.5 x 26.5 cm

c1919 Figure
graphite on paper 34.4 x 22.8 cm

1920 Suburbs with Truck
oil on canvas 67 x 55.5 cm
Museo di arte moderna e contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto

1920 The Tramway
oil on cardboard 72 x 99 cm

1920 Towards the goal
(illustration published in 'Le industrie italiane illustrate' July edition

c1920 Boat and Fisherman
ink on paper 13 x 21.5 cm

c1920 Bridge
pencil on paper 14 x 19 cm

c1920 Composition with bottle and inkwell
tempera and pencil on cardboard laid on canvas

c1920 Harbour, urban landscape and figure
tempera and collage on paper laid down on canvas 33 x 28 cm

c1920 Urban landscape with tram
ink on paper 21.7 x 27.8 cm

1920s Composition
pencil and tempera on paper laid on canvas 14 x 18 cm

1921-22 Periphery
oil on paper 54 x 54 cm
Museo Nacionale de Bellas Arts, Buenos Aires, Argentina

c1921 Urban landscape
ink on paper 13.6 x 10.4 cm

1922-23 Portrait (illustration for publication)
pencil and China ink on paper 29 x 22.5 cm

1922-26 Athlete
tempera and collage on canvassed paper 68 x 60 cm

1923 Semi-nude with fruit bowl
oil on canvas 100 x 75.5 cm
Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin

1924 Maximum Patriots
ink, tempera, tempera, charcoal, pencil and collage on cardboard 20.1 x 23.8 cm

1924 probably a design for a stage set
tempera and mixed media on paper 32.8 x 29.5 cm

1924 Sketch for the cover of the Encyclopedic Almanac of the People of Italy
pencil on card

1924 Urban Landscape
oil on canvas (size not given)
Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia

c1924 Horse with geometric rider
(size not given)
Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, London

c1924 Ice Hockey
tempera and pencil on paper 25.5 x 22.4 cm

c1924 Landscape with mountains, houses, tower and dome
tempera and mixed media on paper 24.2 x 32.7 cm

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