Monday 19 September 2016

Belle Époque - part 1

1882 A Bar at the Folies-Bergère by Édouard Manet
oil on canvas 96 x 130 cm
Courtauld Gallery, London
The Belle Époque (the Beautiful Period) in France is conventionally dated from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It was a period characterised by optimism, regional peace and economic prosperity, and of technological, scientific, and cultural innovation. Whilst showing key works from the Belle Epoque, I am including works from the fall-out of the period almost up to World War II, so as to put these works in context.

Artists in the late 1800s found opportunities to present their work to the masses through advertising art that began to appear as billboards and posters, plastering the streets of Paris. “Affiche Artistique” was the term that the French used to describe a poster that contained artistic expression.  The art was so impressive to the public, people began to collect the posters as soon as they went up, which is why they are so scarce today.  

Artists such as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Jules Chéret, Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, and Alfred Choubrac, contributed to the creative body of work that became what some called  “a free museum for the masses”.  The craze for collecting these examples of modern art was even given the name, "affichomanie", meaning “artistic poster mania”.  Collectors today pay hundreds, if not thousands for original prints of these rare posters.

This is part 1 of a 9-part series on art of the Belle Epoque:

1880 Folies-Bergère
Le Spectre de Paganini

1885 Folies-Bergère
Poster by Émile Lévy and Co.

1887 Folies-Bergère
Les Selbinis Famille de Vélocipédistes

1890 At the Moulin Rouge, The Dance
by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
oil on canvas 115.6 x 149.9 cm
Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA

1890 Folies-Bergère
G. Lockart et ses Éléphants 

1890 Folies-Bergère
L'Orchestre des Elephants

1890 Folies-Bergère
La Famille Birmane

1890 Folies-Bergère
Les Chiens Sauteurs présentés par Fred Leslie

1890 Folies-Bergère
Les Griffith's

1890 Folies-Bergère
Les Trevally Acrobates

1892c La Loïe Fuller aux Folies Bergère
poster by Ferdinad Bach
La Loïe Fuller at the Folies Bergère

1894 Ambassadeurs Paris, Yvette Guilbert
poster by Theophile-Alexandre Steinlen

Yvette Guilbert

1894 Folies-Bergère, Peter Jackson

Peter Jackson

1895 Folies-Bergère, Le Kangourou Boxeur

1895 Folies-Bergére, Miss Mabel Love

1895 Folies-Bergère, Miss Mabel Love
poster by Lucien Baylac
Miss Mabel Love

1895 Folies-Bergère, Nala Damajanti Charmeuse Hindoue

1895c Salle Wagram, Bal
Poster by Èmile Lévy and Co.

1896 Folies-Bergère, Lona Barrison
poster by Albert Guillaume
Lona Barrison

1897  Folies-Bergère, Matinée

1899 La Pépinière, Chauffons! Revue

1900 Folies Bergère, Tous les Soirs, Spectacle Varié
poster by Leonetto Cappiello

1900s Ambassadeurs, Paris Tout Nu
poster by Carlobali

1905 Bal du Moulin Rouge

1905 Bal du Moulin Rouge

1913c Mistinguett
poster by Georges Kugelmann Benda

1920 Casino de paris, Mistinguette
poster by Leonetto Cappiello


1920s Ba-Ta-Clan, La Danse de Libellules

1926c Folies Bergère
poster by Maurice Picaud

1927 Josephine Baker au Bal Negre poster by André-Charles Caron
Josephine Baker

1927c Folies-Bergère, La Grand Folie Hyper Revue
poster by Fico

1927c Mistinguett
poster by Rougemont

1928c Casino de Paris, Maurice Chevalier
poster by Charles Kiffer

Maurice Chevalier 1929

1933 Folies en Folie, Mistinguette
poster by Paul Selten (Seltenhammer)

1936 Josephine Baker, Folies Bergère
poster by Michel Gyarmath

1936 Josephine Baker, Folies Bergère
poster by Michel Gyarmath

1938 Mistinguett
poster by Jean-Dominique van Laulaert

Au Joyeaux Moulin Rouge

Casino de Paris, Camille Stéfani

Casino de Paris, Edith Piaf

Edith Piaf

Casino de Paris, The Sisters Levey
The Sisters Levey

Casino de Paris. Entrée 2Fr.

Casino de Paris. Mistinguett
poster by Videmanette Rougemont

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