Wednesday, 7 April 2021

Jules Chéret - part 1

Jules Chéret (French, 1836–1932) was a renowned painter and lithographer. Chéret was born in Paris, France, and his family was considered poor, though most of the family members had artistic leanings. At the age of 13, the artist left school and became an apprentice to a lithographer for three years. Chéret became increasingly interested in painting, and enrolled at the École Nationale de Dessin to study art. Chéret went to London to study photography from 1859 to 1866, and was greatly influenced by British Art, especially printing and poster design. 

When Chéret returned to France, he took up poster printing and made posters for different theateres, including Eldorado, the Moulin Rouge, and the Olympia. Apart from the British poster printers, Chéret was also influenced by Rococo artists, such as Antoine Watteau. The demand for Chéret’s work grew, and he started working for different outfits, such as municipal festivals, beverage companies, and even pharmaceutical companies, producing different graphic advertisements. He was given the tag Father of the Women’s Liberation when he began producing huge paintings of free-spirited females, widely known as Chérettes, which were very much in contrast to the then-prevailing norm of depicting females as puritans or prostitutes. Examples of Chéret’s paintings include L’Arc en Ciel(1893), Grand Bal Masqué (1896), and Musée Grevin, Théâtre les Fantoches(1900). 

Chéret was instrumental in the emergence of printers and poster designers in the late 1890s. He created the Maîtres de l’Affiche collection in 1895. This was a collection of reproductions from 97 Parisian artists, and the work inspired different artists, including Charles Gesmar. Chéret retired to Nice, France, when he was an old man. The French government awarded him the Légion d’honneur in 1890. He exhibited his work in different institutions, including the Louvre and the Salon, both in Paris. Chéret’s works are found in various institutions around the world, including the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan; the Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany; and The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. Jules Chéret died in Nice.


Jules Chéret's tomb in the cemetery Saint-Vincent, Paris

This is part 1 of 7 on the works of Jules Chéret:


1866 La Vie Parisienne theatre poster
engraving 31.5 x 22.5 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1866 Orphée aux Enfers
Bouffes Parisiens
colour lithograph poster

1868 En Vente chez Tous les Libraires
two-colour lithograph 120 x 80 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1869 La Famille des Gueux, scènes et costumes, Théâtre de l'Ambigu-Comique
lithograph 16.5 x 24.5 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1869 La Fée
Machine à Coudre Automatique
colour lithograph 130 x 94 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1869 Les Turcs
Musique de Hervé
two-colour lithograph 106 x 70 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1869 Valentino
Grand Bal de Nuit
two-colour lithograph

1869 Valentino
Grand Bal de Nuit

colour lithograph

1870-81  Le Vrai Bonheur est !!!
lithograph 85.5 x 63.5 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1871 Bouffes Parisiens
Boule de Neige
Musique de J. Offenbach
two-colour lithograph 100 x 70 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1871 Tertulia Café-Spectacle
two-colour lithograph 43 x 34 cm

1872 Au Masque de fer Nouveautés
two-colour lithograph 130 x 95 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1872 Etrennes à Tous les Enfants a Voltaire
two-colour lithograph 125 x 88 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1872 Heu-Guillemont
Entreprise d'Éclairage des Villes par le Schiste
colour lithograph 106 x 78 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1872 Tivoli Vaux-Hall
Bal de Nuit
Paré, Masqué & Travesti
two-colour lithograph 118 x 85 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1872 Valentino Tous les Soirs
Bals Concerts
colour lithograph

1873 Bouffes-Parisiens 
La Quenouille de Verre
two-colour lithograph 76 x 56 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1874  Frascati Les Aztecs
colour lithograph 127 x 90 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1874 Folies Bergère Tous les Soirs
Holtum L'Homme aux Boulets de Canon
colour lithograph 77 x 59 cm Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris
(John Holtum, known as the Cannonball King)

1874 Folies-Bergère
Les Tziganes
two-colour lithograph 85 x 58 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1874 Folies-Bergère
Troupe Bugny
Chiens, Singes, Chevaux
two-colour lithograph 89 x 56 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1874 Frascati Bal Masqué
Arban et l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Tous les Samedis
two-colour lithograph 126 x 90 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1874 Jardins d'Hiver & d'Été Tivoli Vaux-Hall
two-colour lithograph 128 x 90.5 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1874 L'Ogresse
Histoire de Pierre Pentecôte
Grand Roman par Paul Féval
two-colour lithograph 120 x 80 cm

1874 Les Ennemis de Monsieur Lubin
Grand Roman par Constant Guéroult
colour lithograph 120 x 80 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1874 Théâtre de la Gaité Orphée aux Enfers
Musique de J. Offenbach
two-colour lithograph 121 x 85 cm

1874 Valentino
Delmonico le Célèbre Dompteur Noir
two-colour lithograph 80 x 60 cm

1875 A la Magicienne
Confection pour Dames
Robes et Costumes Faits sur Mesure
colour lithograph 123 x 90 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1875 Alcazar d'Eté
Spectacle Concert Promenade
two-colour lithograph 60 x 40 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1875 Au Grand Turenne
Nouveautés et Habillements pour Hommes
two-colour lithograph 116 x 84 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1875 Bidel Tous les Soirs
two-colour lithograph 124 x 87 cm

1875 Folie-Bergère
La Charmeuse de Serpents
two-colour lithograph

1875 Folies-Bergère
Thaumaturgie Humoristique
two-colour lithograph

1875 Grands magasins de la Paix, Paris
two-colour lithograph 76 x 96 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1875 La Reine Indigo, Opéra-Bouffe
Musique de Johann Strauss
two-colour lithograph

1875 Théâtre de la Gaité
Voyage dans la Lune
two-colour lithograph 129 x 91 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876  L'Horloge Champs Elysées
Couverture Mobile
two-colour lithograph 57 x 41 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Alcazar d'Eté
Tous les Soirs Les Rigolboches
two-colour lithograph 60 x 80 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


1876 Alcazar d'Eté
Tous les Soirs Les Rigolboches

two-colour lithograph 60 x 80 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Athénée-Comique
two-colour lithograph 80 x 60 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Café-Concert des Ambassadeurs
L'Avaleur de Sabres
two-colour lithograph 80 x 60 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Cirque d'Hiver Cendrillon
two-colour lithograph 127 x 89 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Cirque d'Hiver
Une Caravane dans le Désert
two-colour lithograph 124 x 92 cm
 

1876 Concert des Ambassadeurs
Tous les Soirs Les Frères Avone
colour lithograph 85 x 66 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Concert du XIXe Siècle
61 Rue du Château
two-colour lithograph 125 x 89 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Concert-Promenade de L'Horloge
Débuts de l'Homme-Femme Soprano
two-colour lithograph

1876 Fantaisies Music-Hall
two-colour lithograph 128 x 88 cm 
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Folies-Bergère O. Metra
colour lithograph 58 x 42 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Folies-Bergère Skating Concert
two-colour lithograph

1876 La Biche au Bois
colour lithograph 41 x 61 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1876 Tous les Soirs a 8 Heures
Folies-Bergère O. Métra
colour lithograph

1876 Tous les Soirs. Folies-Bergère
Jefferson L'Homme-Poisson
two-colour lithograph 62 x 51 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1877 Folies-Bergère Les Girard
colour lithograph 59 x 44 cm
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

1879L'Horloge Champs Elysées
Les Girard
colour lithograph 57.4 c 43.1 cm
Museum of Modern Art, New York
 


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